Pesticides

Events

National Environmental Action

1920 - US Federal Power Act

1920

Authorizes Federal Hydroelectric projects leading to Hoover Dam

1921 - Leaded Gasoline Discovered

1921

Discoverd by Charles Kettering of General Motors

1921 - US Supreme Court Allows NJ to Dump waste in NY Harbor

1921

New York vs. New Jersey and Passauu Bailey Sewerage Commissioner

1924 - Oil Pollution Act

1924

1927 - River and Harbor Act

1927

US Army Corps of Engineers survey and plan navigation for inland waters

1929 - Norbeck-Anderson Act

1929

100 wildlife sanctuaries designated

1933 - Civilian Conservation Corps formed

1933

2000 camps opened and 2.5 million served until its shuttering in 1942 for WWII

1933 - First Dust Bowl Storms in Midwest

1933

1934 - Francis Perkins, US Sec of Labor

1934

Establishes Occupational Safety and Health Administration

1937 - Term "Greenhouse effect" coined by Glen Thomas Trewartha

1937

1937 - 1st Organophosphate developed

1937

German chemists develop first organophosphate. First developed chemical as warfare agent and later repurposed for insecticides

1946 - 1st Commercially available chlorine-based herbicide made to kill broadleaf plants

1946

1946 - Bureau of Land Management established

1946

1947 - The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) enacted

1947

required pesticide registration with USDA but gave them no power to refuse registration or to control use

1952 - Delaney Committee Investigates safety of chemicals in foods

1952

This was the foundation of 1954 Miller Pesticides Amendment

1958 -Food Additive Amendment of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

1958

1960 - Silent Spring by Rachel Carson was published

1960

Foundation of Modern Environmentalist Movement

1969 - National Environmental Policy Act Enacted

1969

Required federal agencies to consider environmental matters before taking action on projects

1969 - National Environmental Act passed

1969

First law passes to protect environment

1970 - Clean Air Act passed

1970

1972 - Clean Water Act passed

1972

1972 - US EPA cancelled DDT for all crop uses

1972

1980 - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act Passes

1980

gives federal government Superfund to clean hazardous sites

1994 - Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations

1994

Issued by President Clinton

1996 - Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act passes

1996

Regulated pesticide uses and required legal licensing of all pesticides

Dec 12, 2001 - US National Research Council suggests that climate change may arrive very quickly

12/1/2001

US National Research Council suggests that climate change may arrive very quickly, wreaking sudden and catastrophic damage on people, property, and natural ecosystems. The report was titled, “Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises.”

2002 - Federal, Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

2002

Regulated pesticide residue left on food _ gave EPA authority to regulate

Jan 29, 2003 - Bush administration wins a court victory on mountaintop removal mining

2003

Environmental groups had challenged permits for coal mining operations for mountaintop removal, saying they violated the Clean Water Act. The law allows companies dynamite huge slabs of mountains and then dump the “spoil” — tons of rock and dirt — into valleys and streams. The practice saves money, but environmental and citizens groups stopped it with a lawsuit in May of 2003. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit, however, ruled in favor of the companies. About 20 new permit applications were pending in West Virginia and Kentucky just after the Bush victory.

2003 - Bush Administration compiles most anti-environmental record of any US president

2003

Under fire by Bush and Congressional Republicans are the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the toxic waste Superfund, the Right to Know Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act and many more.

Oct 11, 2003 - Hunting endangered species

2003

The Bush administration proposes changes to conservation laws that would allow hunters, circuses and the pet industry to kill, capture and import animals from other countries that are on the brink of extinction.

Aug 24, 2007 - US Interior Department’s Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

2007

US Interior Department’s Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement proposes easing environmental requirements for mountaintop removal mining. The proposals outraged many people in Appalachia

Dec. 30, 2007 — US Climate Data Center and others say 2007 was the warmest year on record.

2007

US Climate Data Center and others say 2007 was the warmest year on record.

Jan 25, 2008 - US Forest Service opens 3.4 million acres (1.4 million hectares) of Alaska’s Tongass National Forest to logging despite protests.

2008

US Forest Service opens 3.4 million acres (1.4 million hectares) of Alaska’s Tongass National Forest to logging despite protests.

April 17, 2009 - US EPA rules that emissions of six greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, are a danger to public and should be regulated.

2009

US EPA rules that emissions of six greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, are a danger to public and should be regulated. This followed an April 2007 Supreme Court ruling that greenhouse gasses should be regulated ( Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency) and a rule-making procedure in the Bush Administration that was little more than foot-dragging.

Sept. 20, 2009 - US EPA announces new Clean Air Act regulations

2009

US EPA announces new Clean Air Act regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from electric power plants

June 2014 - US EPA announces new Clean Air Act regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from electric power plants

2014

US President Barack Obama proposes new carbon emissions rules for power plants in order to slow the rate of CO2 accumulation in the atmosphere and fight climate change. The new rules are greeted with enthusiasm in some areas, despair in others. The rules are a compromise and not as strong as environmentalists hoped and some industries feared.

June 2014 - Mountaintop Removal Mining

2014

A scourge of Appalachia’s environment — is one step closer to ending after a federal district court ruling that the practice is ruining water and aquatic ecosystems.

Jan. 16, 2015 - Animal loss in world oceans has reached crisis proportions

2015

Animal loss in world oceans has reached crisis proportions, scientists say.

Nov. 6 2015 - US President Obama stops Keystone XL oil pipeline between Canada and the US

2015

Dec. 18 2015 - US Congress renews solar and wind energy tax credits for five years, proving stability to the renewable energy industry.

2015

California Environmental Action

1960 - Founding of United Farm Workers (UFW) by Cesar Chavez

1960

Activist labor union know also known as National Farm Workers Association to address work conditions for farm workers

1965 - First state to regulate vehicle exhaust

1965

Became the first to regulate vehicle exhaust by setting limits on hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide emissions

1966 - Bureau of Occupational Health of California released pamphlet

1966

Bureau of Occupation Health of California, Dept of Public Health released pamphlet titled "Occupational Disease in California attributed to Pesticides and other AG Chemicals"

1969 - California Public Health Dept. released findings from a door-to-door survey

1969

Released findings from a door-to-door survey of 774 farm workers. 80% suffered from pesticide poisoning

1969 -Two Bills passes - AB 1209 & AB 1210

1969

Pesticide regulations

1970 - California passes it version of California Environmental Quality Act

1970

1989 - The Integrated Waste Management Act

1989

The Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989, enacted at a time when the state’s rate of diversion of discards from landfills was a meager 10 percent, established jurisdictional mandates to divert 25 percent and subsequently 50 percent of their waste in order to protect the environment, conserve resources, and cut our reliance on landfills. The law initially measured local results based on diversion, but now does so by disposal reduction, and the vast majority of California jurisdictions have achieved their disposal targets and implemented a broad range of waste reduction and recycling programs.

1994 - The Unified Hazardous Materials Regulatory Program

1994

The program, created in 1994, effectively consolidated and streamlined the efforts of more than 1,000 regulatory bodies to 121 coordinated state and local agencies. The program has consolidated inspections, standardized enforcement and created an electronic permitting system. This system also allows public access to information on how hazardous materials are handled throughout the state creating a much more transparent government.

1994 - Mono Lake Restoration

1994

In 1994, State Water Board issued Decision 1631, which ended decades of conflict between conservationists and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power’s diversion of water from four streams that are tributary to Mono Lake. As a result, Mono Lake levels have risen, protecting wildlife and water quality, the fishery in the four streams have improved, and restoration efforts continue.

1997 - Advancing Reduced‐Risk Pest Management

1997

The Pest Management Alliance and an associated grants program, established in 1997, has provided more than $10 million in funding for projects that increase implementation and adoption of proven, effective integrated pest management (IPM) practices that reduce pesticide risks to human health and the environment.

July 1, 2001 - Environmental Working Group reports thatsources of drinking water for more than 7 million Californians and millions of others are contaminated with Perchlorate

2001

Environmental Working Group reports thatsources of drinking water for more than 7 million Californians and millions of others are contaminated with Perchlorate, a chemical that disrupts child development and may cause thyroid cancer.

Dec 7, 2004 - Automakers file suit against California

2004

Automakers file suit against California to stop a greenhouse gas emissions law that requires better fuel economy. Automakers filing the suit are: Ford, GM, Chrysler, BMW, Porsche, Volkswagen, Mazda, Mitsubishi and Toyota.

2004 - CalEPA adopted California’s first environmental justice interagency strategy

2004

lays out a mission, vision and core values for environmental regulatory state boards, departments and offices. Subsequently, CalEPA adopted California’s first environmental justice action plan for action-oriented EJ priorities to protect vulnerable populations from environmental impacts.

Sept 2006 - Gov Arnold Schwarzenegger passes AB 23

2006

Directs industries to reduce all greenhouse gas emissions by 25% over the next 13 years.

May 2010 - Once-through Cooling Policy Enacted:

2010

In May 2010, the State Water Board adopted its once-through cooling policy for power plants to reduce ocean water intake by 93 percent to protect marine life, recreational and commercial fishing.

2013 - Alternative to Fumigants

2013

Much of California’s strawberry growers use fumigants – gaseous pesticides injected into the soil prior to planting – to control pests which threaten their crops. However DPR recognizes that some fumigants may pose environmental concerns. DPR convened the Non-fumigant Strawberry Production Work Group in 2012, and the following year, DPR and the California Strawberry Commission launched a three-year, $500,000 research partnership. Over the past fiscal year, more than $1 million has been allocated for future research grants to analyze alternatives to high-risk pesticides, especially fumigants.

2014 - Reducing Pesticide Emissions

2014

California was the first state in the nation to reduce volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from pesticides. In areas with severe air quality problems, DPR put regulations into place that limit fumigant emissions by reducing the amount applied and requiring low-emission application methods.

2014 - California Drought

2014

2014 was a daunting year as the State Water Board carefully navigated a third year of drought with a series of important actions intended to balance water needs. During this historic drought, the State Water Board swiftly took three distinct actions. Those actions included: approved a series of Temporary Urgency Change Petitions submitted by both the State and Federal Water Projects to ensure that enough water can be directed to communities served by the State Water Project and the Central Valley Project; began issuing curtailment notices for junior water right holders along the Sacramento, San Joaquin, Scott, Eel and Russian rivers when it became clear there would not be enough water available to serve all water right claims in those watersheds, and, adopted historic emergency water conservation regulations that required water agencies, their customers and state residents to mandatorily increase water conservation in urban settings or face possible fines or other enforcement action.

Salina Valley Environmental Action

1867 - City of Salinas Incorporated

1867

1933 - Salinas made its first annexation to the original city by adding 52 acres

1933

September 4, 1936 - Salinas Lettuce Strike

September 4, 1936

3,200 members of the Fruit and Vegetable Workers Union walked out of the Salinas-Watsonville lettuce sheds

Summer 1970 - To keep the UFW out of California lettuce and vegetable fields, most Salinas Valley growers sign sweetheart contracts with the Teamsters Union

1970

Some 10,000 Central Coast farm workers respond by walking out on strike. The UFW uses the boycott to convince some large vegetable companies to abandon their Teamster agreements and sign UFW contracts. Chavez calls for a nationwide boycott of non-union lettuce.

1930 - Salinas population reached 10,263, and would continue to grow given the area’s many advantages

1970

Fine weather, an expanding agricultural industry, and later the government assisted building programs and projects drew refugees from the harsh reality of the Depression and the conditions of the Dust Bowl in other parts of the county

Dec. 10-24, 1970--Chavez is jailed in Salinas, Calif

Dec 10 1970 - Dec 24 1970

Chavez is jailed in Salinas, Calif. for refusing to obey a court order to stop the boycott against Bud Antle lettuce. Coretta Scott King, widow of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Ethel Kennedy, widow of Robert Kennedy, visit Chavez in the Salinas jail.

July-August 1975 - To educate farm workers about their newly-won rights, Chavez embarks on a 1,000-mile 59-day trek

July 1 1975 - August 1, 1975

To educate farm workers about their newly-won rights, Chavez embarks upon his longest, and least known, march, a 1,000-mile 59-day trek from the Mexican border at San Ysidro north along the coast to Salinas and then from Sacramento south down the Central Valley to the UFW's La Paz headquarters at Keene, southeast of Bakersfield. Tens of thousands of farm workers march and attend evening rallies to hear Chavez and organize their ranches.

Oct. 5, 2005 - Chloropicrin drift incident caused

2005

a chloropicrin drift incident caused hundreds to experience burning eyes, nausea, vomiting, or difficulty in breathing

Frank Bardakes Timeline

1937 - In Detroit, much militancy on factory floor

1937

Page 4

1950s - Families Recruited/enlisted in Union for activism by Caesar Chavez

Approx. 1950 - 1959

Page 20

1962 - Union formed (UFW)

1962

Page 15

1970-77 - Member of UFW

1970 - 1977

Page 3

1970 - UFW won strike in Salinas Valley

1970

1971 - Worked at Inner Harvest Company

1971

Page 1-2
Activist Delores (primarily a boycott figure) was lead negotiator in Salinas strike; Picked up hitchhiker

1979 - Left UFW

1979

Page 3

1980s - Mentions UFW was defeated

Approx. 1980 - 1989

Page 5

1990s - There was more appeal to help farm workers

1990 - 1999

Page 10

1998 - First Intro to someone involved int he work was through Robin Canyon

1998

Page 22-24

Gary Karnes Timeline

1960s - Gary - Referenced Reagan Era

Approx. 1960 - Approx. 1970

Page 6

1963 - Train wreck incident in Watsonville

1963

1970s - Refused induction into draft

Approx. 1970 - Approx. 1979

Page 6
*Attempts made to minimize pesticide agriculture

1973 - Strike

1973

Page 7

1979 - Strikes

1979

Page 7

1980s - Attempts made to minimize pesticide agriculture

1980 - 1989

Page 7-8
*tried to get with field posting ordinance

Francisco Rodrigues Timeline

1984 - Francisco Rodrigues got involved with Chicano(Mecha) Movement

1984 - 1989

Page 3

1990s - Without naming, mentions someone (a principle) who was active with the union and with the lethal bromide fight

Approx. 1990 - Approx. 1999

Page 13

2007-8 - President of Local Teachers' Union

Approx. 2007 - Approx. 2008

Page 2

2016 - When the draft regulation for buffer zones was supposed to be released

09/01/2016 - 09/30/2016

Page 6

2017 - When notifications (of fumigation application) takes effect

03/01/2017 - 03/31/2017

Page 6

Ceasar Lara's Timeline

1935 - Mentions Major UFW strike that took place in Salinas

1935

2002-2004 - Worked in community organizing w/ UFW

2002 - 2004

Page 2
Worked as a congressional aid; worked with Lupe(community organization) for 2 years

2014 - TPR said pesticide stuff is a work problem

2014

Page 2

2015-2016 - Worked with counsel on pesticide watch

2015 - 2016

Page 2
Got resolution passed by supervisors
http://www.pesticidewatch.org

Mary Flordin Timeline

Mid 1970s - Cynthia & Andy undergrad at USCS

Approx. 1973 - Approx. 1977

Page 1

1980s - publishing of "The Barring of Bromide"

Approx. 1980 - Approx. 1989

Page 12

1980s - Involved at Amesti Elementary

Approx. 1980 - Approx. 1989

Page 2

1980s - Returned to USCS

Approx. 1980 - Approx. 1989

Page 1

1990s - Involvement at Amesti Elementary led to inspiration for Mary Flordin's book

Approx. 1990 - Approx. 1995

Page 18

2010-12 -Time past since myth iodide incident

2010 - 2012

Page 12

2010 - Resurgence of Anti pesticide movement

2010

Page 16

2015 - Taught at Pajaro Valley

2015

Page 18

Mark Weller Timeline

1960s - Mark Weller - start of the United Farm Workers movement

Approx. 1960 - Approx. 1969

Late 1970s - Corporatization of pesticide companies

1975 - 1979

Page 2

1991 - Founding of DPR

1991

2014 - Hired by California Pesticide Reform

04/01/2014

Page 1
*Supreme Court denied localities pesticide regulation power

2014 - Report on Pesticide application near public schools completed by DPR

04/01/2014

Page 1

2015 - DPR announced they would draft something

02/01/2015

Page 8

2015 - DPR public hearing in Salinas

06/01/2015

Page 8

2015 - Monteray AIG Commissioner Came to Coalition Meeting

09/01/2015

Page 5-6

2015 - Eric, AIG Commissioner wouldn't take action against fumigants

11/01/2015

Page 7

Juan Martinez Timeline

1960 - Juan Martinez Start of conversations over toxicity of burnt materials

Approx. 1960

Page 32

1965 - First involvement with a strike

1965

Page 2

1968 - "Set off the boat" for Kennedy

1968

Page 2-3

1970s - Start of field posting ordinance

Approx. 1970 - 1980

Page 7

1970s/80s - Referenced state senator bill

Approx. 1970 - Approx. 1983

Page 1

1978 - Activation of Monetary County Pesticide Coalition

1978

Page 11-12

1980s - Conference at Hartnell College

Approx. 1979 - Approx. 1980

1979 - Met Chavez with Hector

7/29/79

Page 10

1980 - Educated community about defolding herbicide

1980

Page 22

Late 1980s/90s - Environmental Justice organizing over waste. landfills and incinerators

Approx. 1980 - Approx. 1990

Page 31

Late 1990s - Tracy Attended UC Berkeley

Approx. 1995 - Approx. 1999

Page 22

Sara Ringler Timeline

1980s - Sara Ringler - When Perkins's timeline starts

Approx. 1980 - Approx. 1989

Page 1
When Tracy's timeline starts for documenting the political evolution of California's environmental justice movement

1990s - Maryland Garrett School Regulations

Approx. 1990 - Approx. 1999

Page 2
*Maryland Garrett got school district to come up with regulations
*Sarah wrote letters to there editor at Sentinel
*Majority of students at schools Sarah taught were Latinos

1992 - EPA Civil Right Complaint lawsuit settled

1992

Page 8

2008-10 - Time period of Methyl Bromide

2008 - 2010

Page 9

2011 - Sarah Letters to Editors

2011

Page 12
*How far back Sarah's letters to the editors go

2013 - Sarah moved to Lakeview and taught there

2013

Page 16

2015 - Mcquitty; Teachers become ill from fumigants

2015

Page 16
Mcquitty; teachers become ill from fumigants
*also-the time period in which Sarah retired from teaching at Lakeview middle school

2016 - Year of Application of Methyl phased out

2016

Page 9
*Year when the application of methyl bromide was supposed to be phased out

Tracey Brieger

Late 1980's - "Big Green ballot initiative"

Approx. 1985 - Approx. 1995

Page 2
Ballot measured dubbed "Big Green" ballot initiative to ban worst pesticides in the state.

Page20
Local ordinance passed to ban aerial spraying of pesticides in Mendocino.

Local ordinance to ban aerial spraying of pesticide in Mendocino
http://www.lbamspray.com/00_Legal/PreemptionResoSC-2-1.pdf

Ballot measure dubbed “Big Green”
http://articles.latimes.com/1990-11-08/news/mn-5394_1_big-green

1996 - CPR Founded

1996

Page 2

1998- CPR became a campaign-based coalition

1998

Page 2
CPR became a campaign-based coalition focused on pesticide use in schools

2000 - Healthy School Acts of 2000

2000

Page 2

Healthy School Acts of 2000
https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/62647681/

2001-02 - Tracey Brieger joined CPR

2001 - 2002

Page 3
This happened right after the Earlimart posioning incident. CRLAF attempted to pass a bill "to ban worst pesticides in public schools.

Earlimart poisoning
http://www.invisible5.org/index.php?page=earlimart

2003-04 - Poisoning incident in Arvin and Lamont

2003 - 2004

Page 3

Teresa was hired by the coalition.

Poisoning incidents in Arvin and Lamont
http://www.panna.org/legacy/panups/panup_20040116.dv.html

2011 - Environment California left Steering Committee

2011

Page 15-16

Coalition got involved in GMO labeling initiative - Prop 37

2012

Dec. 5 2013 - Funder Tour

12/5/2013

Page 13