The late 1700s-1879 were a time when psychology was primarily scientific. Even those psychologists who weren't explicitly studying the nervous system and brain still took an incredibly mechanistic view of psychology.
1773 - 1836
Blank slate. External events>sensations>streams of association. Mind is passive
1774 - 1842
Surgeon, anatomist, neurologist, and philosophical theologian. He is noted for discovering the difference between sensory nerves and motor nerves in the spinal cord.
Early Studies of Nervous System
1794 - 1867
1801 - 1887
The depressed sun-starer.
Fechner Day: October 22
John Stuart Mill
1806 - 1873
1818 - 1903
Emphasized conscious senses, experimental method, and developmental approaches.
1821 - 1894
Interested in sensations and the effects they trigger in brain. Studied nervous system.
1831 - 1904
Electrical stimulation of brain. Left/Right brain control.
1832 - 1920
1835 - 1911
Higher cortical centers rule by inhibiting lower primitive centers of brain.
1838 - 1917
Direct opposition to Wundt. Empirical but not experimental. Rejected study of conscious experience (because any experiment/observation changes conscious experience thereby invalidating any of the collected data).
1843 - 1928
Representation of different body parts in motor cortex is representative of their function rather than mass.
1848 - 1936
Studied Perception and emphasized phenomenology.
1850 - 1909
Quantitative analysis of data. Extensive research on learning.
1862 - 1915
Psychology is dependent on the experiencing person.
Founding of Psychology
1890 - 1958
Studied capacities like learning and memory but found exploration of brain insufficient. Turned to examining behavior rather than simply physiology.