History of Psychology: 19th Century-Wundt

Events

Franz Gall

1758 - 1828

Phrenology

Psychological Science

1770

The late 1700s-1879 were a time when psychology was primarily scientific. Even those psychologists who weren't explicitly studying the nervous system and brain still took an incredibly mechanistic view of psychology.

James Mill

1773 - 1836

Blank slate. External events>sensations>streams of association. Mind is passive

Early Studies of Nervous System

1774

Charles Bell

1774 - 1842

Surgeon, anatomist, neurologist, and philosophical theologian. He is noted for discovering the difference between sensory nerves and motor nerves in the spinal cord.

Pierre Flourens

1794 - 1867

Ablation

Fechner

1801 - 1887

The depressed sun-starer.
Fechner Day: October 22

John Stuart Mill

1806 - 1873

Mental Chemistry.

Bain

1818 - 1903

Emphasized conscious senses, experimental method, and developmental approaches.

Helmholtz

1821 - 1894

Interested in sensations and the effects they trigger in brain. Studied nervous system.

Bathalow

1831 - 1904

Electrical stimulation of brain. Left/Right brain control.

Wundt

1832 - 1920

Hughlings-Jackson

1835 - 1911

Higher cortical centers rule by inhibiting lower primitive centers of brain.

Brentano

1838 - 1917

Direct opposition to Wundt. Empirical but not experimental. Rejected study of conscious experience (because any experiment/observation changes conscious experience thereby invalidating any of the collected data).

Ferrier

1843 - 1928

Representation of different body parts in motor cortex is representative of their function rather than mass.

Stumpf

1848 - 1936

Studied Perception and emphasized phenomenology.

Ebbinghaus

1850 - 1909

Quantitative analysis of data. Extensive research on learning.

Kulpe

1862 - 1915

Psychology is dependent on the experiencing person.

Founding of Psychology

1879

yay!

Lashley

1890 - 1958

Studied capacities like learning and memory but found exploration of brain insufficient. Turned to examining behavior rather than simply physiology.