While still a relatively young man, Socrates fought in the Athenian army during the Peloponnesian Wars.
Plato was born
Plato meets Socrates
Abandons aspiration to be playwright
Socrates Was a Member of the Boule
In 406 BCE, Socrates served as a member of the Boule, or council of citizens that ran the city.
Arrest of Leon
Socrates was one of team of individuals assigned to arrest Leon the Salaminian in Salamis. By this time, Athens was an oligarchy, ruled by a small number of individuals. While Socrates went to Salamis, he returned without Leon.
Plato Takes an Interest in Philosophy
Plato, having already given up playwriting, abandoned his interest in politics for an interest in Socratic philosophy.
Xenophon Was a Disciple of Socrates
403 BCE - 401 BCE
In 403 BCE, Xenophon, one of the few authors other than Plato that provide information about Socrates, entered the circle of learning around the philosopher.
Athenian Trial of Socrates
Socrates was tried in Athens for political crimes against the state resulting from infighting in the city government. He had the opportunity to escape during the trial, but did not take it.
After the trial, Socrates was condemned to die by poison. He took the poison and died in 399 BCE.
Plato Fled to Megara
Plato and others in Socrates' close circle fled to the city of Megara following Socrates' death to avoid potential prosecution in Athens.
Plato Founded Academy
In 385 BCE, Plato founded the Academy to teach philosophy. The best-known of his students, Aristotle, would go on to have a lasting impact of his own.
Aristotle Founded the Lyceum
In 335 BCE, Aristotle, student of Plato and through Plato, Socratic philosophy, taught Alexander the Great and founded his own school of philosophy, the Lyceum.