While still a relatively young man, Socrates fought in the Athenian army during the Peloponnesian Wars.
Abandons aspiration to be playwright
In 406 BCE, Socrates served as a member of the Boule, or council of citizens that ran the city.
Socrates was one of team of individuals assigned to arrest Leon the Salaminian in Salamis. By this time, Athens was an oligarchy, ruled by a small number of individuals. While Socrates went to Salamis, he returned without Leon.
In 403 BCE, Xenophon, one of the few authors other than Plato that provide information about Socrates, entered the circle of learning around the philosopher.
Plato, having already given up playwriting, abandoned his interest in politics for an interest in Socratic philosophy.
After the trial, Socrates was condemned to die by poison. He took the poison and died in 399 BCE.
Socrates was tried in Athens for political crimes against the state resulting from infighting in the city government. He had the opportunity to escape during the trial, but did not take it.
Plato and others in Socrates' close circle fled to the city of Megara following Socrates' death to avoid potential prosecution in Athens.
In 385 BCE, Plato founded the Academy to teach philosophy. The best-known of his students, Aristotle, would go on to have a lasting impact of his own.
In 335 BCE, Aristotle, student of Plato and through Plato, Socratic philosophy, taught Alexander the Great and founded his own school of philosophy, the Lyceum.