The Liao dynasty was also known as the Khitan Empire and was characterized by tension between Chinese and Khitan social and political practices. At its largest, it spanned Mongolia, northern Korea, northern China, and eastern Russian,
Aguda's rebellion resulted in the end of the Liao dynasty. He then founded the Jurchen Jin empire.
Initially, the Jin and Song allied against the Liao in return for the return of Song territory in northern China. They succeeded but the Jin were reluctant to cede land which lead to the Jin-Song war.
Dashi was a commander of the Khitan army who expanded the Liao dynasty to the Altai Mountains and Oxus river. He later founded the Qara Khitai (Western Liao Dynasty).
Genghis Khan was born as Temujin. He founded the Mongol Empire which then became the largest contiguous empire.
After becoming the Khan, he began to expand his empire and conquering most of Eurasia. His conquest was brutal and involved the massacre of many subjugated people.
Following his death, he divided his empire into khanates among his sons and grandsons.
Ogedei was Genghis Khan's successor. His first actions were to reestablish Mongol authority in Manchuria and to conquer Kipchak steppes. He was responsible for the collapse of the Jin dynasty, personally leading the attack.
The Mongol Empire under Ogedei attacked the Jin Empire and lead to its collapse.
The Manchu occupation of China that gave way to the establishment of Qing dynastic, created inner Mongolia which at the time held the semi-nomads of Mongolia.
Outer Mongolia (which is further from the capital Beijing) had a greater degree of autonomy within the Qing domain.
The Qing put in place a system of government where the people of Mongolia did all of the work for their government giving the a measure of freedom while still being able to make rules from afar. This work well because the Mongolians knew what needed to be done for their country and had the drive to make it happen.
The Treaty of Kyakhta regulated the relations between Imperial Russia and the Qing Empire of China until the mid-19th century
Qing dynasty is last dynasty of China
Mongolian/Soviet troops commanded by General Zhukov defeat invasion by Japanese/Manchukuo forces
Ulan Bator is Mongolia's capital
Politburo: principal policymaking committee of Communist party