Minoans dominate sea trade.
Mycenaeans dominate greek mainland.
Minoans mysteriously disappear.
Dorians move into Greece staring the Dark Age.
First known Olympic games which were held to honor the gods, every 4 years.
Sparta conquers Messenia and made them helots.
Messenians revolt against harsh rule and the Spartans just barely defeat the revolt which made them a better army.
Draco develops legal code based on equality of citizens known as the Draconian Law.
Solon rules in 594 BC, gets rid of debt slavery, and establishes four social classes based on wealth.
Romans overthrow horrible Etruscan king named Tarquin the Proud and declare d never again to be ruled by king! The Romans established a republic.
Cleisthenes rules around 500 BC and reforms the idea of democracy by splitting Athens into ten groups based on where you live.
Ionian Greeks living on coast of Anatolia revolt against Persian taxes.
25,000 Persians vs. 11,000 Athenians and the Athenians won by surrounding the Persian army during battle.
Persians launch new invasion of Greece and builds bridge of boats at the Hellespont.
Athens has its Golden age which included Art and Great structures.
Politician who leads Athens and had threes goal which were to strengthen Athens' democracy, strengthen the empire, and to glorify Athens.
Roman laws carved onto stone tablets and became the basis for Roman law.
A war that broke out between Athens and Sparta (and their allies) that will continue on and off until 404 BC.
Macedonians invade and defeat Greeks.
Alexander the Great invaded Persia and had his fist major victory against the Persians at Granicus River.
Alexander cut the Gordian knot and won a battle at Issus.
Persia is defeated again at Gaugamela.
Conquers parts of Indus Valley at the battle of Hydaspes River.
3 wars between Rome and Carthage. Hannibal a Carthaginian general during the 2nd Punic War, uses war elephants but, eventually loses in another battle and Carthage was burned to the ground.
A roman general who defeats Hannibal at Battle of Zama.
Julius Caesar declared himself dictator for Life.
The battle ends Roman Republic and Cleopatra and Marc Antony commit suicide.
Octavian becomes sole ruler of Rome and called himself Augustus.
Period of peace and prosperity which was Rome's peak.
A great fire happened in Rome and Emperor Nero blamed the Christians.
Law from Emperor Constantine that legalized Christianity. The law ended persecution of Christians.
Council of Nicaea wrote the Nicene Creed which was a statement of beliefs of the Christian church.
The capital was moved to Byzantium but, was renamed to Constantinople.
Huns attack Germanic tribes living on borders of Rome.
Western half of empire disappears politically. Romulus Augustus was the last Roman emperor. The empire was ousted by the German forces. The eastern half flourishes as Byzantine Empire.