Term 2 timeline

Minoans and Mycenaeans

Unit 5: The Minoans and Mycenaeans

The Minoans dominate sea trade

2000 BC - 1400 BC

The Minoans dominate sea trade along the Aegean Sea. The Minoans establish other greek city-states to develop through trade

The Mycenaeans dominate the Greek mainland

1700 BC - 1200 BC

The Mycenaeans dominate the Greek mainland and dominate trade, which allows them to become very wealthy

The Minoan civilization disappears

1450 BC

The Minoan civilization disappears mysteriously with no trace of disappearence and all trace of trade activity disapears as well.

The Dorians move into Greece

1150 BC - 750 BC

The Dorians move into Greece. However, they bring nothing new to Greece and start the Greek Dark Age, a period of Greek decline and non-prosperity.

The Greeks

Unit 6: The Greeks

The First Olympic Games

776 BC

The First known Olympic Games occured during this time. It is obviously played today and it was originally held to honor the four gods every four years.

Sparta conquers Messenia

725 BC

Spartans conquer the Messenians. The Messenians would later become the Helots and were harshly forced to worked on Spartan land

The Messenians revolt against harsh rule

625 BC

The Messenians had enough of the harsh rule of the Spartans and revolted against them. The Spartans were barely able to stop the revolt. They barely stopped it, causing them to build up their army into one of the best in the world

Draco develops a legal code

621 BC

Draco develops the Draconian Law, a harsh law code that harshly punished criminals. The Draconian Law also made debtors become slaves to pay off their debts

Solon rules Greece

594 BC

Solon rules Greece during this time and makes 2 important decisions. Solon gets rid of debt slavery and establishes four social clases based on wealth that would determine a person's ranking in society

Cleisthenes rules Greece

500 BC

Cleisthenes rules Greece during this time. He reforms the idea of democracy, splits Athens into ten groups based on where you live, and increased the power of the ecclesia.

The Ionian Greeks revolt

499 BC - 493 BC

The Ionian Greeks revolted against the harsh Persian taxes. This event would end up causing the Peloponnesian Wars that would majorly affect the Persians and Greeks.

Battle of Marathon

September 11, 490 BC

The Battle of Marathon would take place between 25,000 Persians and 11,000 Greeks. The Athenians were under the command of Militides and Pheidippides ran 25 miles in 3 hours to Athens to tell the Greeks that they had won and not to leave. This prepared them to scare the Persians off from attack when they came back to attack, but they saw the Greeks were ready to fight again.

The Persians relaunch the Persian Wars

480 BC

The Persians relaunched the Persian Wars by launching a new invasion. They easily got to the mainland of Greece by building a bridge of boats at the Hellespont. This would start the Battle of Thermopylae, which the Greeks would win.

The Golden Age of Athenst

477 BC - 431 BC

The Golden Age of Athens happened during this time, a period where Athens
flourished and historicall\y advanced tremendously. Advancements that happened during this time included comedy, tragedy, the first Olympics, classical art, and the first good historians.

Pericles leads Rome

461 BC - 429 BC

Pericles leads Greece through the Golden Age. He had 3 goals for Rome, which were strengthening Athenian democracy, strengthening the empire, and glorifying Greece.

War breaks out between Athens and Sparta

431 BC - 404 BC

Also called the Peloponnesian Wars, this war would continue on and off until Athens contracted a plague and Sparta would take advantage and force Athens to surrender and Sparta would win the war.

The Macedonians invade Greece and defeats them

338 BC

The Macedonians would defeat the Greeks. Led by Philip I, they would end greek independence and maintain peace among Greeks.

The Macedonian invasion of Greece and Thebes

338 BC

The Macedonian invasion of Greece and Thebes. After defeating them with an army led by Philip I, they would lose their independence and maintain their independence

Alexander's first invasion of Persia

334 BC

Alexander's first invasion of Persia went very well as he was able to defeat them easily at the Granicus River and take Persian cities after that.

Alexander the Great's second invasion of Persia

331 BC

Alexander's second invasion of Persia went just as well as the first as he was able to easily defeat the Persians as Issus. Darius III flees from the battle.

Darius is killed by his own general

326 BC

Darius III is killed by his own general. This ensures immediate doom for Persia and an immediate victory for Alexander the Great, as he wins over Persia.

The Romans

Unit 7: The Romans

The Romans overthrow Tarquin the Proud

509 BC

The Romans overthrow Tarquin the Proud. This signals that the Romans don't want to be ruled by a king and declare they shall never be ruled by a king.

The 12 tables are created

451 B.C

The 12 tables are made to ensure the basis of Roman law and a civil empire. This all protected the citizens of the Romans, The 12 tables were hung in the Roman Forum.

The Roman capital moves

330 BC

The Romans moved their capital to Byzantium and also renamed it to Constantinople. This move came after the restore of the empire.

The Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

A series of wars between Rome and Carthage. Scipio governed the Romans and Hannibal governed the Carthaginians. It was very close, but in the end, Hannibal lost major battles and lost to Rome.

The Battle of Zama

202 BC

The Battle of Zama ended up being the most important battle in the Punic Wars. The Romans were able to give Hannibal his only loss during the Punic Wars. The Romans ended up winning the war from this one loss.

Julius Caesar marches across the Rubicon River

44 BC

Julius Caesar marched across the Rubicon River and declared war on Pompey. Caesar would end up killing Pompey and declared himself dictator for life. Caesar was later assassinated on the steps of the senate on the same year.

The Battle of Actium

31 BC

Octavian was fighting against Marc Antony and in the Battle of Actium, he forced Marc Antony to commit suicide as well as Cleopatra. This also ended the Roman Republic.

The Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

The Pax Romana is a period of "Roman peace" where they flourished and prospered during this period.

The Great Fire of Rome

64 AD

When the great fire of Rome occured, the emperor Nero accused the Christians of burning the city and the Christians were used as scapegoats.

Christianity is legalized in Rome

313 AD

The Christians in Rome were finally able to worship in public after Christianity is legalized in Rome. The persecution of Christian Romans ended as well.

The Council of Nicaea

325 AD

During the council of Nicaea, the Nicene Creed was created, which says the full beliefs of a Catholic. This became the full beliefs of the catholic church.

The Romans move their capital to Byzantium

330 AD

The Romans move their capital to Byzantium, where it was renamed to Constantinople. The city was renamed in honor of Constantine.

Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of the empire

380 AD

Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of the empire. This would also ban the worship of many gods.

The western half of the roman empire disapears politically and Rome is destroyed

476 AD

Rome is destroyed and the extremely successful empire crumbles to the ground. It is ousted by german forces and the eastern half of the empire goes on to rule as the byzantine empire.