World Cultures


Minoans dominate sea trade

2000 BC - 1400 BC

The Minoans were powerful, sea faring people with a strong navy and they dominated sea trade

Mycenaeans dominate Greek mainland

1700 BC - 1200 BC

They were ruled by warrior kings and had a capitol city named Mycenae

Minoans mysteriously end

1450 BC

The Minoans were a people that wrote in Linear A and were know for Bull leaping

Dorians move into Greece

1150 BC - 750 BC

Culture declines and becomes known as the Greek Dark Ages

First olympics ever held

776 BC

Held every 4 years to honor Gods

Sparta conquers Messenia

725 BC

Messenians become helots forced to farm lands

Messenians revolt against harsh rule from Sparta

625 BC

Spartans just barely defeats the revolt and becomes a strong military power

Draco develops a legal code

621 BC

Draco develops a legal code based on equality of citizens

Romans overthrow Etruscan King

509 BC

The Romans overthrow horrible Etruscan King Tarquin the Proud

Cleisthenes rules

500 BC

Cleisthenes, a statesman rules during this time

Ionian Greeks revolt against Persian taxes

499 BC - 493 BC

The Ionian Greeks living on the coast of Anatolia revolt against the Persian taxes

Battle of Marathon

490 BC

September 11, 490 BC 25,000 Persians took on 11,000 Athenians under the command of MIltiades, Athenians win.

Battle of Salamis

480 BC

Persians set fire to the Athenians city, naval battle, the Greeks in again

Golden Age of Athens

477 BC - 431 BC

A time when Athens was in its peak.

Pericles leads Athens

461 BC - 429 BC

He has 3 goals: Strengthen Athenian democracy, hold and strengthen Athenian Empire, and to glorify Athens

12 tables created

451 BC

Roman laws carved onto stone tablets, becomes basis for Roman laws

Persian Wars

431 BC - 404 BC

War breaks out between Athens and Sparta, Sparta had the better army and made Athens surrender in 404 BC

Battle of Chaeronea

338 BC

Macedonians invade and defeat Greece, ends Greek independence

Alexander invades Persia

334 BC

Alexander invades Persia

Battle at Issus

333 BC

Battle Alexander fought and won

Battle at Gaugamela

331 BC

After battle of Issus Alexander wins again against Persia at Gaugamela

Alexander conquers parts of Indus River Valley

326 BC

Alexanders last area conquered, his troops mutiny

Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

3 Wars between Rome and Carthage

Scipio defeats Hannibal at the Battle of Zama

202 BC

Scipio brought the war to Carthage and defeated Hannibal at Battle of Zama

Caesar declared himself dictator for life

44 BC

He made many good reforms, a group of Senators plot his death fearing his power

Battle of Actium

31 BC

The battle that ends the Roman Republic, Marc Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide, Egypt becomes territory of Rome

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180

Means "Roman Peace", Romes peak, period of Peace and Prosperity

Roman Republic Falls

27 BC

Republic falls because of internal conflict and civil wars. The Empire begins

Great Fire of Rome

64 AD

A famous fire in Rome

Christians allowed to worship

313 AD

From about 30-313 AD the Christians were persecuted, but during 313 AD they were allowed to worship

Council of Nicea

325 AD

When Nicene was written, a statement of the beliefs of the Church

Constantine moves and renames capitol

330 AD

Original ccapitol was named Byzantium and then moved and named Constantinople.

Emperor makes Christianity official religion of empire

380 AD

After Christianity became widely accepted it became the main religion of the Empire

Western Empire falls

476 AD

The Western half of the Empire falls because of, internal problems, outside invasions, and separation from wealthier Eastern Empire.