AP Art History


Late Antiquity/ Early Christian

200 CE - 600
  • No body
  • Mosaics
  • Denatured: Moves from visual accuracy to less observed
  • Constantine shifted Rome to Christianity -Flatness

48. Catacomb of Pricilla
Rome, Italy. Late Antique Europe. c. 200-400 C.E. Excavated tufa and fresco
49. Santa Sabina
Rome, Italy. Late Antique Europe. c. 422-432 C.E. Brick and stone, wood


476 - 1453
  • Focused on Christianity
  • Iconoclasm
  • Gold background
  • Dome
  • Mystification of God
  • Elongated body

50. Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Jacob Wrestling the Angel, from the Vienna Genesis
Early Byzantine Europe. Early sixth century C.E. Illuminated manuscript
51. San Vitale
Ravenna, Italy. Early Byzantine Europe. c. 526-547 C.E. Brick, marble, and stone veneer; mosaic
52. Hagia Sophia
Constantinople (Istanbul). Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. 532-537 C.E. Brick and ceramic elements with stone and mosaic veneer.
54.Virgin and child between Saints Theodore and George
Early Byzantine Europe. Six or early seventh century C.E. Encaustic on wood.

Early Medieval Europe

500 - 1300
  • Illusionary
  • Geometric
  • Migration period Art:

53.Merovingian looped fibulae
Early medieval Europe. Mid-sixth century C.E. Silver gilt worked in filigree, with inlays of garnets and other stones.

55.Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St Luke incipit page
Early medieval (Hiberno Saxon) Europe. c. 700 C.E. Illuminated manuscript (ink, pigment, and gold)


785 - 900
  • Mystification Art: 56.Great Mosque Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad. c. 785-786 C.E. Stone masonry
  • Pyxis of al-Mughira Umayyad. c. 968 C.E. Ivory


1000 - 1200
  • Flat (Byzantine without gold)

58. Church of Sainte-Foy
Conques, France. Romanesque Europe. Church: c. 1050-1130 C.E.; Reliuary of Saint Foy: ninth century C.E.; with later additions. Stone (architecture); stone and paint (tympanum); gold, silver, gemstone, and enamel over wood (reliquary)
59.Bayeux Tapestry
Romanesque Europe. c. 1066-1080 C.E. Embroidery on linen


1200 - 1420
  • Light and tall architecture
  • Return to naturalism
  • Elegant and decorative

60.Chartres Cathedral
Chartres, France. Gothic Europe. Orignal construction. c. 1145-1115 C.E.; reconstructed c. 1194-1220 C.E. Limestone, stained glass
61.Dedication Page with Blanche of Castle and King Louis IX of France, Scenes from the Apocolypse from Bibles moralisées.
Gothic Europe. c. 1225-1245 C.E. Illuminated manuscript


1250 - 1400
  • Single point perspective
  • Creating space

Late Med Euro

1300 - 1500
  • Northern Italy: dark, oil, long
  • Italian: Chaples were circle and square not long Art: 62.Röttgen Pietà Late medieval Europe (Germany). c. 1300-1325 C.E. Painted wood 63.Arena (Scrovengni) Chapel, including Lamentation Padus, Italy. Unknown architect; Giotto di Bonde (artist). Chapel: c. 1303 C.E.; Fresco: c. 1305. Brick (architecture) and fresco Giotto painted his artwork 64.Golden Haggadah (The Plagues of Egypt, Scenes of Liberation, and Preparation for Passover) Late medieval Spain. c. 1320 C.E. Illuminated manuscript (pigment and gold leaf on vellum)

Granada, Spain. Nasrid Dynasty. 1354-1391 C.E. Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding

Late Ren.

1500 - 1700
  • Protestant reformation
  • Counter reformation


1520 - 1580
  • Bright
  • Rejects Renaissance
  • Personalized and idealized beauty
  • Distorted figures Art:

80.Venus of Urbino
Titan. c. 1538 C.E. Oil on canvas

81.Frontispiece of the Codex Mendoza
Viceroyalty of New Spain. c. 1541-1542 C.E. Ink and color on paper

82.Il Gesù, including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling fresco
Rome, Italy. Giacomo da Vignola, plan (architect); Giamcomo della Porta, facade (architect); Giovanni Battista Gaulli, ceiling fresco (artist). Church: 16th century C.E.; facade: 1568-1584 C.E.; fresco and stucco figures: 1679-1679 C.E. Brick, marble, fresco, and stucco
83.Hunters in the Snow
Pieters Bruegel the Elder. 1565 C.E. Oil on woods


1600 - 1750
  • Naturalistic
  • Tenebrism
  • Academic (Caravaggio)
  • Relatable Christianity

85.Calling of Saint Matthew
Caravaggio. c. 1597-1601 C.E. Oil on canvas
86.Henri IV Recieves the portrait of Marie de' Medici, from the Marie de' Medici Cycle
Peter Paul Rubens. 1621-1625 C.E. Oil on canvas
87.Self-Portrait with Saskia
Rembrandt van Rijn. 1636 C.E. Etching
88.San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Rome, Italy. Francesco Borromini (architect) 1638-1646 C.E. Stone and stucco


1700 - 1789
  • Sexual
  • Stylized
  • Nature Art:

89.Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria Rome, Italy. Gian Lorenzo Bernini. c. 1647-1652 C.E. Marble (sculpture); stucco and gilt bronze (chapel)

90.Angel with Arquebus, Asiel Timor Dei
Master of Calamarca (La Paz School). c. 17th century C.E. Oil on canvas
91.Las Meninas
Diego Velázquez. c. 1656 C.E. Oil on canvas


1789 - 1850
  • Enlightenment


1800 - 1900
  • influences:
  • colonization
  • missionary activity

- a variety of materials


Nan Madol. Pohnpei, Micronesia. Saudeleur Dynasty. c. 700-1600 C.E. Basalt boulders and prismatic columns.

Moai on platform (ahu). Rapa Nui (Easter Island). c. 1100-1600 C.E. Volcanic tuff figures on basalt base.

Ahu 'ula (feather cape). Hawaiian. Late 18th century C.E. Feathers and fiber.

Staff god. Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia. Late 18th to early 19th century C.E. Wood, tapa, fiber, and feathers.

Female deity. Nukuoro, Micronesia. c. 18th to 19th century C.E. Wood.

Buk (mask). Torres Strait. Mid- to late 19th century C.E. Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell.

Hiapo (tapa). Niue. c. 1850-1900 C.E. Tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting.

Tamati Waka Nene. Gottfried Lindauer. 1890 C.E. Oil on canvas.

Navigation chart. Marshall Islands, Micronesia. 19th to early 20th century C.E. Wood and fiber.

Malagan display and mask. New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. c. 20th century C.E. Wood, pigment, fiber, and shell.


1800 - 1850
  • Sublime
  • New World
  • War