Civil War Timeline


Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

The Supreme Court decision Dred Scott vs. Sandford was issued on March 6, 1857.The opinion declared that slaves were not citizens of the United States and could not sue in Federal courts.

Abraham Lincoln becomes President

November 6, 1860

Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States. Lincoln received only 40 percent of the popular vote, but still handled his opponents well. The South were worried by this victory.

Secession of South Carolina

December 20, 1860

The Secession of South Carolina was caused because of Lincoln´s Election. South Carolina feared that he would end slavery for good, so they decided to leave.

Confederacy is Formed

February, 1861

The Confederate States of America was a republic composed of eleven Southern states that seceded from the Union in order to keep slavery and states' rights.

Firing on Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

Confederates bombarded Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. After a 34-hour exchange of artillery fire, Anderson and 86 soldiers surrendered the fort on April 13. The Confederacy had won the battle and won Fort Sumter.

The Fall of Richmond

April 20, 1861

Richmond was the last major city for the Confederacy, but then the Union had won Richmond and the battle.

Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas)

July 21, 1861

The Confederacy had won this war.

Battle of Second Manassas

August 28, 1862 - August 30, 1862

The Confederacy won this battle.

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

The Union won this battle.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation stated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January 1st, 1863, then Proclamation would go into effect.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

The Union won this battle.

Battle of Chattanooga

November 23, 1863 - November 25, 1863

The Union won this battle.

Surrender at Appomattox

April 9, 1865

The Union won this battle.

President Lincoln's assassination

April 14, 1865 - April 15, 1865

On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth fired one bullet into the back of President Abraham Lincoln's head. Lincoln died the next day.