Life of Cimon

Family and Personal

Birth

510 BC

Born in Athens. Cimon was the son of renowned general Militates who led the battle of Marathon. His mother was a Thracian, Hegesipyle. Hegesipylae was a relative of Thucydide's father, Olorus.

Treason Trial

463 BC

After not attempting to attack Macedonia in another nearby campaign, Pericles accuses Cimon of accepting a bribe from King Alexander. Cimon is eventually acquitted, but taxed 50 talents and missed the death penalty by a margin of 3 votes.

Ostracism

461 BC - 451 BC

Cimon was ostracised from Athens after the insult from Sparta as they declined Athenian troops to help in the Messenian revolt. This action by Sparta make pro-Spartan Cimon a target.

Death

450 BC

Cimon died in Cyrpus, according to Thucydides of disease, and according to other sources which Plutarch does not name of battle wounds acquired in Cyprus.

Military Career

Battle of Salamis

480 BC

Capture of Eion

475 BC

Pirates driven from the Aegean

475 BC

Cimon leads a campaign to the surrender of the Dolopian pirates of Scyros. Another league aim is fulfilled, as a naval threat is removed from the Aegean.

Battle of the Eurymedon

468 BC

This battle was the highlight of Cimon's military career, and occurred in three stages. Firstly, the naval defeat in the river, then defeat on land, followed immediately by defeat of the Phoenician ships. The battle of the Eurymedon represents a turning point in the Delian league, as from this point the league's aims appear to be accomplished.

Cyprus Campaign

450 BC

Offensive against Persia

Political Career

Diplomatic Mission to Sparta

479 BC

Cimon is throughout his entire career suspected of having pro-spartan sympathies. Mostly because he is 100% communist (but no-one has a problem with his generosity) and because he goes around rebuking things by saying "It's not what the Spartans would do" [Plutarch]

Formation of the Delian League

478 BC

In charge of Delian League operations

476 BC - 463 BC

Cimon's generosity and military reputation have given him great power within the Athenian Empire.

'Five Years Peace' Treaty

451 BC

Cimon negotiated a peace treaty with Sparta upon his return to Athens, but as he died soon after, the treaty did not last the entire term.