After his father, Alexander III, died in 1894, he inherited throne
Revolution of 1905-Bloody Sunday
Jan. 22, 1905
Worker group led by priest Georgy Apollonovich marched to Winter Palace to make demands (peaceful protest) (non violence)
until Imperial forces opened fire to the people, killing and wounding many by the orders of Nicohlas
this causes Strikes and riots that broke out through the country
Nicholas II formed representative assembly (Duma)
Russia loses Russo Japanese war
Sep. 5, 1905
Disagreement happened w/ Japan over who should get territory in Manchuria and Korea
Started war on Feb. 8, 1904
Russia underestimated power of Japanese
Lost war because of surprise attack by the Japanese on the Russian naval
Duma is created
Oct. 30, 1905
Created in result of revolution by Czar Nicholas II
Promised that it would be representative assembly and necessary approval for enactment of legislation
Russia enters WWI
Aug. 4, 1914
Together with France and Britain on the Triple Entente, joined war to prevent Germany from gaining territory during WW1 .
Dec. 30, 1916
Important “holy men” to czar and wife
Enough to kill 5 men
Was shot multiple times
Had his skull crushed in
Was put under the ice in river
Finally died from drowning
After the Czar resigned the provisional government was created .
Czar Nicholas abdicated the throne
Mar. 15 1917
With his train being stopped by riots and mobs the czar, fearing for his family resigned from his position.
Provisional government is established
Mar 15, 1917
After the czar was resigned, the provisional government was created.
Made up of lawyers, bankers, industrialists, capitalists
Failed to live up promise of ending involvement in war
Lenin Returns to Russia
Apr. 16, 1917
Coming back from his exile Lenin the leader of the Bolsheviks to take charge og the uprising.
Civil War between Red and White Armies
Oct. 1917 - Oct. 1922
The Bolsheviks and Mensheviks were fighting over Russia and how the government would go on as.
Bolshevik Revolution topples provisional government
Nov 7, 1917
Bolsheviks win making Russia communist country
Bolsheviks change name to Communist party ( S.S.R)
Lenin convinces people to go against the provisional government andf they eventually do, storm the winter palace. eventually tearing it down.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ends Russia’s involvement in WWI
Mar. 3, 1918
Ended Russia's involvement in world war 1.
Death of the Romanov Family
Jul. 17, 1918
Shot to death
Burned in a bonfire
Had acid poured on their dead bodies
Buried in woods
Lenin establishes New Economic Policy (NEP)
Lenin returns land to farmers and all that had been taken besides Trade with other countries and banking and lastly transportation
Lenin suffers stroke
may 26 1922
Lenin suffers three strokes. lost the ability to speak after the third one. ( three dates are May 26 1922, Dec. 16, 1922, Mar. 10, 1923 )
Dec. 30, 1922
Russia Joins republics in Union of Soviet Socialist Republics .
Stalin becomes Dictator
1929 - 1953
Becomes dictator of U.S.S.R
Stalin’s Great Purges
1936 - 1938
was scared of opposition
many were killed and executed for going against him