The Nazi Party is formed, with Hitler giving emotional speeches between February and March.
Communist party established in China
The Chinese Communist Party is founded after a lengthy civil war in Shanghai.
Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party
As an effective speaker, Hitler is named leader of the Nazi Party, earning the title der Führer.
The Washington Naval Conference
November 21, 1921
The Washington Naval Conference takes place in Washington DC, attended by nine countries. Japan later withdraws from the agreements made.
Mussolini Named Prime Minister of Italy
October 31, 1922
The Fascists of Italy take control appointing Benito Mussolini as its prime minister.
The Soviet Union Forms
December 30, 1922
Belarus, Russia, South Caucuses, and the Ukraine form the Soviet Union.
Beer Hall Putsch
November 8, 1923
Nazis, led by Hitler try to overthrow the German government but fail, this was known as the Beer Hall Putsch.
January 21, 1925
Lenin dies, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to takeover as leader of the Soviet Union.
Mein Kampf published
July 18, 1925
Mein Kampf is published. The book is an autobiography written by Adolf Hitler. Mein Kampf reveals the political ideology of Hitler.
French Troops withdraw from Germany
August 18, 1925
The Treaty of Berlin is signed
April 24, 1926
The Soviet Union and Germany sign the Treaty of Berlin, which allow either country to remain neutral if one or the other is attacked by another country.
Death of Zhang Zuolin
June 4, 1928
Japanese assassins cause the death of Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin during the Huanggutun Incident. This increased tensions between China and Japan.
Kellog Briand Pact
August 27, 1928
In an attempt to prevent aggressive warfare, the Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed by major powers of the world in Paris. The pact was aimed at preventing the use of force by any one nation against others.
Great Depression begins
October 29, 1929
The stock market crashes causing the banks to close, which effected the whole economy; the Domino Effect. This put the country into a great recession or "Depression" as it was called.
Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
January 30, 1933
German President Hindenberg appoints Hitler as Chancellor and ousting Von Scleichler.
March 23, 1933
This gave Hitler absolute power in Germany.
April 26, 1933
The Gestapo is established in Germany to maintain “order” throughout the country and especially during the war. They represent Hitler’s group of enforcers.
Germany leaves the League of Nations
October 19, 1933
Night of the Long Knives
June 30, 1934 - July 2, 1934
Political murders known as Operation Hummingbird, or the Night of the Long Knives, is carried throughout Germany and beyond. The action was seen as a purge against those who would politically oppose the ruling Nazi party.
Germany violates the T.O.V
March 7, 1936
Germany violates come contents of the Treaty of Versailles by militarizing the Rhineland. Under the treaty, Allied forces would occupy the Rhineland for fifteen years.
The Allied and Axis powers are formed
October 26, 1936
The Axis Powers or Axis Alliance is formed. Germany signs a treaty with Italy and Japan. The alliance would later be the main antagonists during WWII.
Hitler Annexes Austria
March 13, 1938
Nazi Germany completes the Annexation or Anschluss of Austria. Austria was the first country to be annexed by Hitler’s Germany.
The Munich Agreement
September 30, 1938
Seen as a way of appeasing Nazi Germany, the Munich Agreement is signed by France, Italy, the UK, and Nazi Germany. The purpose of the agreement was to allow the annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland borders.
Start of WWII
September 1, 1939
World War II begins when Nazi Germany invades Poland. France and Britain declare war on Germany.