During the times before, during and after WW1 women fought for gender equality. The WSPU (Women’s Social and Political Union) in England created a world wide movement for women’s rights. After WW1 the government acknowledged women’s contributions during the war and granted voting right to women over 30 in 1918. In 1928 they would have full voting rights.
The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty that finally ended WW1 and enforced strict jurisdictions on Germany and its allies. The treaty was negotiated between January and June 1919 in Paris with almost no participation from Germany. The treaty’s 440 articles reassigned land and completely immobilised Germany’s military advancement and it crippled the nation as a whole. Many people in the allied nations wanted revenge on Germany for the damages it caused in WW1 and this is why the Treaty was so harsh. The Treaty and its conditions created the components that led to WW2.
After returning from holiday on the 3rd of September 1938 Alexander Fleming began to sort through the mess of petri dishes in his laboratory. Most contained harmful bacteria that caused a wide array of infections and diseases but he noticed that one had a mould growing in the middle, and that the area around it was free of bacterial colonies. He surmised that the “juice” produced by the mould (penicillin notatum) killed many forms of bacteria. Later the juice (called penicillin) would be turned from a mould into a life saving drug by Howard Florey and Ernst Chain.
“The Great Depression was the deepest and longest lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world.”- History.com Introductory Article.
The Great Depression began in America right after the stock market crash of 1929 and wiped out millions of investors. The following years surmounted in a drop of consumer spending and investments, causing declines in industrial output and thus unemployment as companies fired workers. Throughout the 1930’s the President Roosevelt would introduce policies and reliefs that would lesson the effects that the Depression had on the everyday lives of American citizens. The Great Depression ended in 1939 as WW2 kicked America’s industry into high gear. This launched the USA’s economy into overdrive and thus ended the Great Depression.
Hitler’s rise of power was one of intense political strategy and tactics. Hitler held the position of chancellor but he required more power to create the nation he envisioned. Hitler awaited the death of the German President Paul von Hindenburg so that he could claim absolute power over Germany. With the death of Hindenburg on August 2, 1934, Hitler combined the chancellorship and the presidency under the title “Fuhrer” or Leader. This was the beginning of the events that lead to WW2.
World War 2 was the most widespread and deadliest conflict in the history of mankind. It was started by Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939. After the invasion of Poland treaties and agreements between nations pulled many countries into the war in a domino effect, thus the Allied and Axis alliances were born. World War II ended on 2nd September 1945 with the defeat of both Nazi Germany and Japan by Allied nations. The war resulted in over 50 military and civilian casualties making it the most destructive war in history.
After the discovery of nuclear fission by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, America began funding nuclear weapon development proposals. There were fears that Nazi Germany would develop nuclear weapons before the Allied nations so the Manhattan Project was created. The first nuclear device was detonated at the Trinity test, only a month later the bombs Little Boy and Fat Man were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The creator of the Atom Bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer stated his resentment of its creation in one quote “I am become death, the destroyer of worlds”.
In the year of 1945, representatives of 50 countries met at the United Nations Conference on International Organisation to create the United Nations Charter in San Francisco. The Charter was signed on 26th of June 1945 by the 50 countries with Poland later signing after the meeting. The United Nations was officially born on 24th of October and United Nations Day is celebrated on this day each year.
The Cuban missile crisis was at the peak of tensions between the USSR and the USA during the cold war. It happened after the US’s failed invasion of Cuba (The Bay of Pigs Invasion). Cuba wanted to ensure that the USA never invaded them again so the enlisted the USSR to deploy IBM nuclear missiles on Cuban soil as deterrents. The US found out and requested the USSR dismantle the offensive weapons. It was the closest the world came to all out nuclear war.
(USA HISTORY, 2017)
Martin Luther King Jr’s I have a dream speech changed the world of civil rights and ethnics forever. King single handedly changed the attitudes of millions of Americans and improved the lives of millions of other African American people. On August 28 of 1963 Martin Luther King Jr delivered his speech in front of the world and the response was instantaneous. It was a turning point in the attitude toward racism and the differences between everyone.
During the period of the cold war the tensions between the USSR and the United States of America weren’t only on Earth. There was a space race between the two superpowers. Ultimately the USA won and on July 20th of 1969 at 10:56 p.m EDT Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the moon. Making history and setting the standard for space travel for countless generations to come.
The internet was first conceptualised by J.C.R Licklider of MIT in 1962. Know as the “Galactic Network” to Licklider, the theory interested many engineers around the world. Licklider convinced his colleagues at DARPA of the importance of the networking concept. After vast technological advances, DARPA (Defence and Advanced Research Project Agency) created a closed network of computers called ARPANET, use to sent encrypted messages to other computers. This was the first instance of a network used to share data (the internet). It was later adapted and improved into the internet we know today.
(Internet Society, 2017)
On August 13, 1961 the Communist government of GDR (German Democratic Republic or, East Germany) began to build a enormous barbed wire and concrete wall between east and west Germany. It was mainly purposed to stop mass defections from east to west Germany. On November 9, 1989 the GDR announced that people could feely cross the wall and many people brought picks and hammers to tear it down. It is an enduring example of how oppression will not always prevail.
The September 11 attacks were the deadliest terrorist attacks in human history. The attacks killed 2996 people and injured over 6000 others. It caused over $10 billion in property damage and 3 trillion dollars in overall costs.It proved to the world that terrorism is a real threat to modern society. Its repercussions can be seen all the way up to the present day with tensions mounting over groups such as ISIS and Al-Qaeda. It was a sad day for America but it made the country much stronger as a whole. The attacks truly changed the world as it showed that terrorism and radicalisation are great threats to the world as a whole.
(USA HISTORY, 2001).
On the 20th of January 2017, Donald J Trump was sworn in as President of the United States of America. He has already changed the world in multiple ways. He withdrew the USA from the Trans-Pacific Trade Agreement and is already planning to dismantle Obamacare. Whatever the future holds for the world Donald Trump will have a big say in it, for better or worse.
(Multiple News Sources, 2017)
Alexander Fleming and the Discovery of Penicillin n.d., accessed 22 February 2017, https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/flemingpenicillin.html.
History of The UN n.d., accessed 23 February 2017, http://www.un.org/en/sections/history/history-united-nations/.
Hitler Becomes Fuhrer n.d., accessed 23 February 2017, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hitler-becomes-fuhrer.
One Giant Leap for Mankind 2017, Government funding, accessed 21 February 2017, https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo11.html.
Suffragettes. n.d., accessed 23 February 2017, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women's_suffrage_in_the_United_Kingdom>.
The Cuban Missile Crisis n.d., Public Funding, San Francisco, accessed 9 February 2017, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_Missile_Crisis.
The Great Depression 2017, History.com, accessed 20 February 2017, http://www.history.com/topics/great-depression.
The Manhattan Project n.d., accessed 22 February 2017, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project.
The Origins of the Internet 2017, accessed 9 February 2017, <http://www.internetsociety.org/internet/what-internet/history-internet/brief-history-internet
The Treaty of Versailles n.d., History.com, accessed 17 February 2017, http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/treaty-of-versailles.