Power of monarchs & rulers is limited
Although Persia (Iran) declared neutrality during the war, a great deal of fighting took place within its borders
In a military coup d'état directed by the British, military advisor Reza Khan seizes power
Parliament votes to nationalize the oil industry. In reaction, the British government imposes an oil embargo which strikes a significant blow to the Iranian economy
Mossadeq is overthrown in a coup instigated by British and American intelligence agencies and General Fazlollah Zahedi is proclaimed Prime Minister.
The Shah begins a long term project to modernize and westernize Iran and launches the "White Revolution", an initiative that aimed to implement various socio-economic reforms.
The Shah becomes increasingly dependent on the secret police (SAVAK) to stifle criticism and any opposition to his reforms.
Significant demonstrations and strikes cripple the Iranian government
Cinema Rex is set on fire, killing 400 people
Mass riots and protests against the Shah's rule ensue. The Shah imposes martial law.
Protesters gathered in Tehran are shot & and killed by Iranian security forces under the Shah's martial law
Islamic fundamentalist Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, returns to Iran and seizes power after 14 years of exile in France and Iraq for opposing the Shah
After a national referendum the Islamic Republic of Iran forms
52 Americans are held hostage at the US embassy in Iran. The Islamic militant captors demand the extradition of the Shah, who is in the US for medical treatment
After 444 days in captivity, the American hostages are finally released