French Revolution

Regimes

The Old Regime

1788 - June 20th, 1789

Lost power to the Assembly.

The National Assembly

June 20th, 1789 - August 10th, 1792

Overthrown following the Declaration of Pillnitz by radical labor leaders in Paris.

The Convention

August 10th, 1792 - July 27th, 1794

The Committee of Public Safety

1793 - July 27th, 1794

Set up and led by Robespierre to Institute the Terror

The Directory

July 27th, 1794 - November 17th, 1799

Overthrown by Napoleon and established upon Robespierre's death as part of the Thermidorian reaction to the Terror and the end of the war emergency.

Groups

The Monarchy

1788 - June 20th, 1789

Ended with the Tennis Court Oath and the declaration of the National Assembly

The Court Party

June 20th, 1789 - October 4th, 1789

Favored a bicameral legislature with a full veto for the King.

The Patriot Party

June 20th, 1789 - October 4th, 1789

Supporters of a unicameral legislature and a delaying veto for the King. They one out after the Bread March on Versailles

The Jacobins

October 4th, 1789 - July 27th, 1794

Overthrown by the Thermidorians.

The Girondins

August 27th, 1791 - May 31st, 1793

The Girondins believed the Revolution should spread, and represented moderate interests in the Convention.

The Mountain (Montagnards)

September 6th, 1792 - May 21st, 1795

The radical wing of the Jacobins that would control the Convention in its later days.

The Thermidorians

July 27th, 1794 - 1799

The reactionary group to the Terror that persecuted the Jacobins and founded the Directory.

Events

The Resistance of the Nobles

Approx. 1788 - July 5th, 1789

The nobles refused to accept a new tax program designed to relieve the impending financial crisis.

The Estates General is Convened

May 1789 - July 14th, 1789

The Estates General formally became the Assembly after the storming of the Bastille.

The Tennis Court Oath is Issued

June 20th, 1789

This was done by the Third Estate claiming they would stay in the tennis court until a constitution had been drafted.

The Great Fear of 1789

Approx. July 1789 - 1790

The peasants rose up against the manors in fear of marauding robbers in the countryside to arm themselves and simultaneously destroy the oppressive manorial system.

The Storming of the Bastille

July 14th, 1789

The King recognized the new municipal government in Paris and took pressure off the Assembly because of this event.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

August 26th, 1789

Proclaimed civil rights and national sovereignty for the French people.

The Bread March on Versailles

October 4th, 1789

Thousands of women marched on Versailles to demand action against inflation and forced the King to take up residence in Paris, where he recognized the Assembly.

Assembly Liquidates Church Lands

November 27th, 1789

In order to raise funds and reapportion lands, the Assembly auctioned off Church lands, which did little but give the rich more lands.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

July 12th, 1790

This measure by the Assembly subjugated the Church to the state and was unpopular both domestically and internationally.

Attmpted Flight of the Royal Family

June 20th, 1791

This seriously hurt trust for the King and made him a hostage in his Parisian palace.

The Constitution of 1791 is Approved

September 3rd, 1791

Provided for a unicameral government with a delaying veto for the King.

Worker's Revolt in Paris

August 10th, 1792

In response to the Brunswick Manifesto, people were enraged at monarchists and stormed the Parisian palace and overthrew the Assembly in favor of the Convention.

September Masscres

September 1792 - October 1792

In response to the lack of government, the Parisian mobs took over the task of rooting out enemies of the revolution.

Execution of King Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

Beheaded for treason because he was in correspondence with the Austrian armies during the emergency

Girondins expelled from the Convention

Jun 1, 1793

Due to ideological differences with the Jacobins, who were more radical.

Girondin Civil War

Jun 1, 1793 - July 28th, 1794

The Girondins were expelled from the Convention and returned to the provinces, where they gained control and fought against Jacobin armies.

The Constitution of 1793 is Approved

June 24th, 1793

This Constitution was suspended until after the emergency, but by that time the Convention had lost power.

Emergency Economic Controls

September 5th, 1793 - July 27th, 1794

Instituted by the Committee to prevent hyperinflation and create stable food and commodity prices for the poor. It also kept wages low.

The Red Terror (Main)

September 5th, 1793 - July 28th, 1794

Instituted by Robespierre and the Committee to get rid of internal pressures during the war emergency. Some 40,000 people were killed because of it.

Jacobins Expelled From Power

Jul 28, 1794

Done by the Thermidorians due to the end of any need for the Terror after the war emergency was over.

The White Terror

August 1st, 1794 - June 27th, 1795

This was the persecution of the Jacobins by the Thermidorians.

The Constitution of Year III is Approved

August 22nd, 1795

This set up the bicameral government led by the Directory, which acted as the executive.

War

<<<<BIBLIOGRAPHY>>>>

July 1788

Bibliography:
Merriman, John. "The French Revolution." A History of Modern Europe. 3rd ed.
London: W. W. Norton, 2009. 435-79. Print.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. “The French Revolution.” Western Civilization. 9th ed. New
York: Cengage Learning, 2015. 349-95. Print.

The Declaration of Pillnitz

August 27th, 1791

Stated that Prussia and Austria would fight France if other European powers promised to help them.

War with Austria and Prussia

Approx. April 20th, 1792 - January 21st, 1793

Started by France after the Brunswick Manifesto.

The Brunswick Manifesto

July 25th, 1792

Stated that death and destruction would characterize Paris if the French Royals were harmed. Made by Austria and Prussia.

Victory at Valmy (France)

September 20th, 1792

A ragtag French army defeated an invading Austrian force to relieve pressure on Paris.

War with the Entire First Coalition

January 21st, 1793 - October 18th, 1797

Began with the execution of King Louis XVI. Included Britain, the Dutch, Austria, Prussia, Naples, Sardinia, and Spain.

France Declares War Against Britain and the Netherlands

February 1st, 1793

Done in response to the execution of Louis XVI.

Victory at Fleurus (Belgium)

June 26th, 1794

This victory ended the war emergency and led to the end of the Terror and the downfall of Robespierre.