World Cultures Timeline

Events

The Minoans dominate sea trade

2000 BC - 1400 BC

The Mycenaeans dominate the Greek mainland

1700 BC - 1200 BC

The Minoans disappear

1450 BC

The Dorians move into Greece

1150 BC - 750 BC

The first Olympic Games are held

776 BC

Sparta conquers Messenia

725 BC

Messenians revolt against harsh rule

625 BC

Draco develops a legal code for his citizens

621 BC

Solon gets rid of debt slavery and Establishes four social classes based on wealth

594 BC

Start of the Roman Republic

509 BC

Cleisthenes begins to rule and splits Athens into ten groups based on where people lived.

500 BC

Ionian Greeks revolt against the Persian taxes.

499 BC - 493 BC

Battle of Marathon

490 BC

Temple of Athena is destroyed

480 BC

Athen’s Golden Age.

477 BC - 431 BC

Pericles leads Athenes

461 BC - 429 BC

12 Tables are created, first laws in Rome

451 BC

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Macedonians invade and defeat Greeks ending Greek independence

338 BC

Alexander’s first major victory against Persians (Granicus River)

334 BC

Alexander wins at Issus

333 BC

Persia is defeated again at Gaugamela.

331 BC

Alexander Conquers parts of Indus Valley.

326 BC

Duration of the Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

Scipio defeats Hannibal at the Battle of Zama

202 BC

Caesar becomes the dictator of Rome.

44 BC

Battle of Actium, end of Roman Republic, Cleopatra and Antony commit suicide.

31 BC

Roman Republic falls because it’s weakened by conflict and unrest.

27 BC

Roman Peace

27 BC - 180 AD

Great Fire of Rome, Christians blamed for it.

64 AD

Christianity is legalized

313 AD

The Council of Nicaea writes the Nicene Creed (Statement of beliefs of the Christian church)

325 AD

Constantine moves capital to Byzantium but renamed it Constantinople.

330 AD

Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of Rome.

380 AD

The Western Empire falls.

476 AD