German Unification - Sarah Finnerty and Amelia Larson

Events

New Prussian Constitution establishing a constitutional Monarchy & bicameral legislature

1848

Failure of Frankfurt Assembly to unite Germany

1848 - 1849

Economic growth under the Prussian Zollverein

1850 - 1860

All German states save Austria participate in Zollverein

1853

Middle Class dominates the bicameral legislature

1859

Effective Prussian Military Reforms

1860 - 1866

King William 1

1861 - 1888

King Frederick William of Prussia dies

1861 - January 31, 1861

Von Bismarck’s presence in German politics

1862 - 1890

Bismarck governs by ignoring Parliament

1862 - 1866

The military budget is rejected again

1862

Count Otto von Bismarck is appointed Prime Minister

March 1862 - March 31, 1862

The new Military budget is rejected by the Prussian Legislature

March 1862 - March 31, 1862

Prussia supports Russia’s suppression of a Polish revolt

1863

Denmark incorporates Schleswig and Holstein

1863

Danish War

1864 - Approx. 1864

The Danish War, Schleswig and Holstein are surrendered to Purssia and Austria

1864

The Austrians and Prussians declare war on Denmark

February 1 1864 - February 1, 1864

Austro-Prussian War

1866 - Approx. 1866

Constitution for the German Federation

1866

A New Constitution is created for the North German Confederation, with a bicameral legislature elected by Universal Male Suffrage and all led by the king of Prussia

War breaks out between Austria and Prussia

June 14 1866 - Approx. July 13, 1866

Austrian army is defeated and Bismarck refuses to give Austria a harsh treaty

July 3, 1866

Franco-Prussian War

Approx. 1870 - 1871

Northern Confederation

1870 - 1871

Southern German States agree to join Northern Confederation

The Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Spanish Throne is Abdicated

1870

Queen Isabella II of Spain abdicates her throne, it is offered to Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

France declares war on Prussia

July 15 1870 - July 15, 1870

Otto von Bismarck is declared Kaiser of the second German Empire

January 18 1871 - January 18, 1871

France loses the war

January 28 1871 - January 28, 1871

Treaty at Gibeon; Victory against Southern Coalition

May 1871 - May 31, 1871

A Treaty is officially signed, ending hostilities, and resulting in France being forced to give Germany 5 billion francs and the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine