Historical Timeline (1867-??)

Progressive Era

Civil Service Commission

1883

Founded by President Grant, its goal was to select employees for the federal government based on merit rather than relationships

Sherman Anti Trust Act

1890

Passed by congress in 1890, the act is used to protect smaller companies from the major leaders

Teddy Roosevelt Presidency

1901 - 1909

Was elected in the office after President McKinley was assassinated.

First Lawsuit with Sherman Anti Trust Act

1902

The Sherman Antitrust Act, the first federal antitrust law, authorized federal action against any "combination in the form of trusts or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade," and any "monopolization, attempted monopolization, or conspiracy or combination to monopolize."

Teddy Roosevelt re-elected the "Square Deal"

1904

The Square Deal was Teddy Roosevelt's domestic program, formed on three basic principals: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.

Taft Presidency

1909 - 1913

William Howard Taft was elected the 27th President of the United States and later became the tenth Chief Justice of the United States, the only person to have served in both of these offices.

NAACP formed

1909

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States who's mission is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination.

Wilson Presidency

1913 - 1921

Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. president, led America through World War I and crafted the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was creating a League of Nations to ensure world peace.

16th Amendment

1913

The 16th amendment established Congress's right to impose a Federal income tax.

World War I

1914 - 1918

World War I, also called First World War or Great War, an international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions. The war pitted the Central Powers—mainly Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey—against the Allies—mainly France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and, from 1917, the United States. It ended with the defeat of the Central Powers.

This chart shows significant facts about World War I.

Primaries in Full Effect

1917

18th Amendment

1919

The Eighteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol illegal.

19th Amendment

1920

The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote—a right known as woman suffrage.

Age of Imperialism

Seaward's Folly

1867

William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million, considered to be a massive mistake by many Americans.

Mahan Publishes Book "The Influence of Sea Power upon History"

1890

Showed the importance of having a naval fleet, which lead to many countries increasing the size of their fleets.

Sugar Planters overthrew the Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalan

1893

once she was elected, Queen Liliuokalan proposed a new constitution that would restore the powers of the monarchy and extend voting rights for native Hawaiians. theses actions angered white Hawaiian businessmen, causing them to form a group with the goal of overthrowing Queen Liliuokalan, which was later accomplished.

Annexation of Hawaii

1898

Dole declared Hawaii an independent republic. Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. Hawaii was made a territory in 1900, and Dole became its first governor.

Open Door Policy

1899

The purpose of the Open Door Policy was to give all nations equal rights when trading with China. It was initiated by the United States and aimed to both enhance global trade and to promote China's welfare and sovereignty.

Panama Canal Plans Were Officially Granted

1903

In 1903, the Hay-Herrán Treaty was signed with Colombia, granting the United States use of the Isthmus of Panama in exchange for financial compensation.

Panama Canal Built/Opens

1914

Teddy Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy

1914

TR's policy with foreign affairs was to "speak softly, and carry a big stick."