Assignment 2: Timeline of the most important events 1945 - 1986

European Integration

Forming of the European Union of Federalists (EUF)


Formed in 1946 from wartime Resistance movements to create a federal constitution for Europe as part of a more distant plan for global unity.

The Marshall Plan

June 1947

Announced by US Secretary of State George C. Marshall. involved the US giving $13 billion in financial aid to the states of Western Europe. The assistance was also offered to eastern Europe, but declined under USSR pressure.

the Hague European Congress of the EUF


The conference that was supposed to pave the way to the new constitution in The Hague.

Formation Benelux

March 1948

Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg

Organization for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) set up

april 1948

Later joined by the Federal Republic of Germany (1949) and the US and Canada (1950) as associate members.

Council of Europe


the European Convention on Human Rights


The EUF adopts the ECHR and the Commission of Human Rights, as well as the Court of Human Rights.

Creation EPC


Creation EDC


The Schuman Plan for Coal and Steel

May 1950

The French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman, proposed a scheme for pooling the coal and steel supplies of France and Germany, and invited other European states who wished to participate to express an interest.
- German participation.
- Coal
- National positions
- US

Failing EDC


Treaty of Paris, foundation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)


Failing EDC


Cold War

Allied meeting in Yalta, start of the European division


Truman Doctrine

March 1947

This spoke of the duty of the United States to assist 'free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures'.

Collapse of Four-Power Council of Foreign Ministers

April 1947

Walk-out of the Soviet representatives resulted in the US and Britain starting to prepare the Anglo-American zones in Germany for independence.

International Authority for the Ruhr (IAR)

April 1949

The Ruhr region of Germany had been placed under joint Allied control.

Outbreak of the Korean war

June 1950

Germany had to be rearmed