Formed in 1946 from wartime Resistance movements to create a federal constitution for Europe as part of a more distant plan for global unity.
Announced by US Secretary of State George C. Marshall. involved the US giving $13 billion in financial aid to the states of Western Europe. The assistance was also offered to eastern Europe, but declined under USSR pressure.
The conference that was supposed to pave the way to the new constitution in The Hague.
Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
Later joined by the Federal Republic of Germany (1949) and the US and Canada (1950) as associate members.
The EUF adopts the ECHR and the Commission of Human Rights, as well as the Court of Human Rights.
The French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman, proposed a scheme for pooling the coal and steel supplies of France and Germany, and invited other European states who wished to participate to express an interest.
- German participation.
- National positions
This spoke of the duty of the United States to assist 'free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures'.
Walk-out of the Soviet representatives resulted in the US and Britain starting to prepare the Anglo-American zones in Germany for independence.
The Ruhr region of Germany had been placed under joint Allied control.
Germany had to be rearmed