Age of Revolution

1788-1800

French Revolution

French Revolution

May 5, 1789 - November 9, 1799

One of the most important events in both French and European history. Marks the rise of the 3rd class after centuries of paying high tax to the King. Centered around the weak King Louis XVI and the immature Queen Marie Antoinette.

Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

Bastille was a symbol of the monarchy

Start of French Revolution

October 6, 1789

100s of market women (and men dress as women) marched on the Palace Of Versailles demanding the Queen's head and the King's immediate return to Paris.

Crown Abolished nicknamed "The Carpets"

1792

Louis Carpet, Widow carpet

King Louis XVI executed

January 1793

After being accused of treason the King was beheaded

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety utilized the newly invented guillotine to kill tens of thousands of counter-revolutionaries.

Marie Antoinette executed

October 16 1793

after being tried and found guilty of treason among other things she was executed by Guillotine.

French invaded Austria

1794

Princess Elizabeth executed

May 10, 1794

Robespierre arrested and Exicuted

July, 1794

Reistablishing Government

National Assembly

June 10, 1789

The Members of the third estate in the Estates General. These members tended to be from the upper middle class, or bourgeois, and were often referred to as "Jacobins" since they frequently met in Jacobin clubs to discuss the revolution.
The lower third estate, or the rest of the citizenry, led the fighting arm of the revolution and the National Assembly at this time. They didn't however, take part in the government.
The Urban middle class led the storming on the Bastille and the march on Versailles.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

which clergymen would eventually be required to swear an oath to in 1791. in addition to nationalizing church property, the Civil Constitution also abolished religious vows and turned all Church clerics (including monks and nuns) into civil servants who received their pay and assignments not from Rome, but from Paris.

Legislative Assembly

1790 - 1792

the provisions of the National Assembly established what was supposed to be a permanent constitutional monarchy, the Legislative Assembly, with Louis XBI as the monarch. However, the Legislative Assembly failed very quickly for a number of reasons. the lower third estate felt abandoned, and the Legislative assembly failed to fix the food and unemployment problems.

Convention

1792 - 1795

was an emergency republic with universal male suffrage. the leading body of the Convention was the Committee of Public Safety, who worked to suppress dissent and protect the revolution. Composed of 12 members, of whom the dominant individual was Maximilien de Robespierre. Was split into two factions: the Montagnards ("mountain") who were more radical and included Robespierre, and the Girondin which was more middle class.

Directory

November 2, 1795 - November 10, 1799

was the first constitutional republic, which had an executive body of five directors, as well as a bicameral legislative body consisting of the Council of Ancients and the Council of 500

First free elections were held

1797

The people of France astonished the members of the Directory by electing a majority of royalists to the legislature. ultimately ineffective....it's the thought that counts?....

18 Brumaire

Nov 11, 1799

out of fear that the Terror would return, Napoleon Bonaparte and Abbe Sieyes launched the coup of 18 Brumaire to end the Directory and instead establish the Consulate, there was little opposition