Religious Wars in Europe


Religious Wars and Tensions

Spanish Inquisition

Nov 1, 1478 - July 15, 1834



Spanish versus Muslims

Religious Wars

1525 - 1648

Europe was plagued by wars of religion. Even though religion was given as the reaso for war, there were many other reason as well. Including: land, money and economics, political power, natural resources, and more
included the Hussite rebellion, and missionaries and conquistadors versus Native Americans

Peasants' War


Holy Roman Empire

Schmalkaldic War

1546 - 1555

an ongoing fight between the Holy Roman Empire and the Turks

Peace of Augsburg


Declared the Prince's religion to be the official religion of a region or country. This resulted in the acceptance of toleration of Lutheranism in Germany by Catholics. When a new ruler of a different religion took power, large groups had to convert religions.

Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis


Spain and France agreed to stop fighting with each other in order to unite against their common Protestant threat, particularly Calvinism, which was considered more of a threat tan Lutheranism

French Wars of Religion

1562 - 1598

In France, a religious civil war took place between Catholics and Protestants. Resolved with the Edict of Nantes.

Spanish Armada


Catholic Philip II of Spain desired to remove Elizabeth I of England from the throne after her rise to power following "Bloody" Mary Tudor's fall to illness.

Edict of Nantes

Approx. 1599

Edict of Nantes which reaffirmed that Catholicism was the official religion in France, but also granted a significant degree of religious and political freedom to Protestants.

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

was sparked by the Defenestration of Prague, at which Protestants threw Catholic ambassadors out of a window in the city of Prague.

Peace of Westphalia


Ended the last major religious war in Europe.

Dutch Independence


Spain finally recognized their independence.