The US defense budget funded the first American electronic digital computer and subsidised the technical advance of the US computer industry .
J.C.R. Licklider of MIT wrote a series of memos discussing his “Galactic Network” concept, the first ever recorded description of social interaction enabled through networking.
RAND staffer, Paul Baran, made the RAND proposal public.
Lawrence G. Roberts of MIT connected the TX-2 computer in Massachusetts to the Q-32 in California with a low speed dial-up telephone line creating the first wide-area computer network ever built.
Lawrence G. Roberts, who worked with DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) developed the concepts of computer-network and the ARPANET.
The National Physical Laboratory in Great Britain set up the first test network on the principles of a decentralized, blastproof, packet-switching network.
The Internet, then known as ARPANET, was brought online under a contract let by the renamed Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA).
The first node, a high-speed computer, was installed in UCLA.
The Network Working Group (NWG) finished the initial ARPANET Host-to-Host protocol, called the Network Control Protocol (NCP).
Raymond Samuel Tomlinson (computer programmer) introduces his invention of network mail (email).
Ethernet technology was created, the dominant network technology, by Bob Metcalfe of Xerox PARC.
Vinton Cerf (computer scientist) of DARPA developed Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) a way for all of the computers on all of the world’s mini-networks to communicate with one another.
Ira Fuchs and Greyson Freeman devised the first academic computer network to connect all over the world, BITNET.
IP was adopted for its internal network of computers.
APRANET formally expired.
The Internet’s military legacy was terminated when ARPANET handed over control of the public internet backbone to the National Science Foundation.
The first user-friendly (easy to navigate) interface to the Internet was created by researchers at the University of Minnesota.
A computer programmer, Tim Berners-Lee, introduced the World Wide Web.
The ban of commercial use of the Internet was lifted by Congress.
The breakthrough first graphical browser was created by Marc Andreessen of National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and his team.