Born in Breslau, Germany. Along with his twin sister Sabine, they are the sixth and seventh children.
Family moves from Breslau to Berlin
Family moves to a villa in Grunewald
Many prominent figures of the day also lived in this neighborhood
Attends Grunewald Gymnasium
1919 - 1923
Begins studying Protestant theology
Bonhoeffer is inspired by the communal and global aspects of Catholicism
Arrives in Barcelona, Spain
Bonhoeffer became a vicar in Barcelona, where he had his first encounter with ecumenical Christianity
Returns to Berlin
He becomes adjunct assistant to Wilhem Lütgert at the University of Berlin.
Finishes Postdoctoral studies
July 30, 1930
Arrives at Union Theological Seminary in New York City
Here he befriends Frank Fisher and Jean Lasserre, who have a major impact on his philosophy, theology, and changing worldview
Meets Karl Barth in Bonn
Bonhoeffer is ordained
November 15, 1931
He is ordained at St. Matthew's Church in Berlin
Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
January 30, 1933
April 4, 1933
April 4, 1933
"The Church and the Jewish Question" is released
"the Church and the Jewish Question" was Bonhoeffer's first attempt to address the church's decisions under Nazi rule.
Aryan Paragraph implemented
The Aryan Paragraph was implemented in the Church of the Old Prussian Union, excluding membership for certain minorities, including Jews.
Bonhoeffer is a pastor in London
October 1933 - 1935
Starts and Runs Seminary in Finkenwalde
April 1935 - 1937
Finkenwalde was and underground seminary that was shut down by the Gestapo in 1937.
"Life Together" is published
The German title is "Gemeinsames Leben"
Bonhoeffer leaves Germany for New York
June 2, 1939
Bonhoeffer was encouraged to leave by all of his friends, but he returned to Germany after just a week in the U.S. due to conflicting emotions of guilt about his departure from Germany. He felt it necessary that he should undergo the suffering with his people.
World War II
September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945
Begins with Germany's invasion of Poland.
"Psalms: The Prayerbook of the Bible" is published
Jewish Deportations in Berlin
Meets Maria von Wedemeyer
Bonhoeffer had met her before, but this was the time he first began to develop romantic feelings for her. Their romance was difficult due to him being twice her age, but they were eventually engaged.
April 4, 1943
July 20 Plot Fails
July 20, 1944
von Stauffenberg's planned assassination of Adolf Hitler fails, causing problems for all who were involved in the plot, including Bonhoeffer.
Hope for Bonhoeffer's Release Undone
September 22, 1944
The Gestapo uncovers secret files of the resistance in Zossen, implicating Bonhoeffer in the July 20 Plot and undoing his hope for release.
Transferred to Flossenbürg Concentration Camp
Sentenced to Death in Mock Trial
April 8, 1945
Bonhoeffer executed by Hanging
April 9, 1945
He was executed along with others who were implicated in the resistance, just a month before the Nazis surrendered.
Eberhard Bethge publishes Bonhoeffer's Poems
April 9, 1946
The poems were published on the first anniversary of his death.
Bethge publishes "Resistance and Submission"
This is later redistributed in English as "Letters and Papers from Prison
Bethge's Biography of Bonhoeffer published
This is still considered the standard biography of Bonhoeffer.