1450 C.E - 1750 C.E Timeline

Krishna Persaud Ms. Suter Hour Three

East Asia

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Construction of a unified Great Wall of China

Zheng He

1371 - 1433

Hui Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming dynasty.

Forbidden City

1420

imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty

Neo Confucianism

1500

new confucianism

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1543 - 1616

Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610

Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868

last feudal Japanese military government, brought peace to Japan

"Dutch Learning"

1641 - 1853

body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

last imperial dynasty of China

Kangxi

1661 - 1722

fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty

Qianlong

1711 - 1799

sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty

Southeast Asia

South Asia

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries

Akbar

1556 - 1605

He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India.

Middle East

Diaspora

1450 - 1750

dispersion of the Jews outside Israel; Egypt used the Jews as slaves

Shah Ismail

1487 - 1524

Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty

Battle of Chaldiran

1514

decisive victory for the Ottoman Empire over the Safavid Empire.

Suleyman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

tenth and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire

North/Central Asia

Mehmed II

1432 - 1481

Ottoman sultan

Ottoman Empire

1450 - 1750

1453, took Constantinople

Contantinople

1453

Conquered by the Ottomans and renamed Istanbul

Safavid Empire

1501 - 1722

Safavid shahs ruled over one of the so-called gunpowder empires.

Europe

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

responsible for the early development of Portuguese exploration and maritime trade

Russia

1450 - 1750

Holy Roman Empire

1450 - 1750

Spain

1450 - 1750

Conquered Aztec, Inca, etc

Portugal

1450 - 1750

Brazil

France

1450 - 1750

French Revolution - Napolean Bonaparte

England

1450 - 1750

Established the Thirteen Colonies

Gutenberg

1465

introduced printing to Europe.

Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

founder of modern political science.

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Formulated the heliocentric model

Spanish Inquisition

1478 - 1834

established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation

Bartolomeu Dias

1488

He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic, the first European known to have done so

Loyola

1491 - 1556

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

established line of demarcation, saying what lands in America belonged to Portugal vs. Spain

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Martin Luther, a German monk, posted 95 Theses on a church in 1517. With the help of the printing press, it was widely distributed and more and more people began breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church for religious (or political) reasons and interpreting the Bible themselves.

Catholic Church Counterreformation

1545 CE - 1563 CE

church officials met at the Council of Trent and began reaffirming old Catholic church ideas, as well as reforming in some ways (banning indulgences, reducing Church materialism). It was relatively successful at stopping the spread of Protestantism.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.

Scientific Revolution/ Enlightenment

1550 - 1800

historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization

Joint Stock Company

1553

an organization to pool the interest of many merchants

Galileo

1564 - 1642

played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy

Spanish Armada

1588

Spanish fleet of 130 ships

East India Company

1600

formed to pursue trade with the East Indies but ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Natural Rights

King Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

Peace of Westphalia

1648

took away nearly all power of HRE, affirmed the independence of small German states, Prussia becoming the strongest.

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

focused on role of mankind in relation to government, influenced creators of US Constitution

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church

Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy, and was a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

involved every European great power of the time except the Ottoman Empire and spanned five continents

Peter/Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia

Africa

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

Sunni Ali was the first king of the Songhai Empire

Songhay Empire

1464 - 1591

one of the largest states in African history.

Americas

Montezuma

1466 - 1520

ruler of Tenochtitlan

Atahualpa

1497 - 1533

last Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire

Aztec (Fall)

1521

Aztec empire falls

Inca (Fall)

1532

Conquered by Pizzaro

Jamestown

January 1, 1607

first permanent English settlement in the Americas.

Quebec

1608

First permanent French settlement in North America,

Oceania

Global

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean.

Pizarro

1471 - 1541

Conquered Inca

Vasco de Balboa

1475 - 1519

Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He is best known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies

Cortes

1485 - 1547

caused the fall of the Aztec Empire

Columbian Exchange

1492 - 1750

the movement of crops, livestock, diseases, and people between the Americas and Europe

Vasco de Gama

1498

Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea.

Triangle Trade

1680 - 1880

carried slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers