The Harlem Renaissance

Events

The Harlem Renaissance Begins

1919

The period where African Americans discovered arts, and literature.

The American Negro

Approx. 1920

A writer named Benjamin Brawley wrote and published a work called The Negro in Art and Literature in the United States.

NAACP

1920

James Weldon Johnson becomes the head of the NAACP.

Langston Hughes

1921

Langston Hughes's great poem "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" is published in crisis.

Harlem Shadows

1922

The first major book of the Harlem Renaissance appears when Claude McKay's novel Harlem Shadows is published by Harcourt, Brace.

Marcus Garvey

1923

Marcus Garvey is arrested for mail fraud and imprisoned for three months.

Civic Club Dinner launches the New Negro

Approx. 1924

An organized dinner where black writers were brought together with white publishers

The New Negro Movement

Approx. 1925

Alain Locke edited and put out Harlem : Mecca of the new negro. This helped continue the New negro Movement that started with the Civic dinner the year before.

Louis Armstrong Plays Jazz

1927

Louis Armstrong began his jazz career.

An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize

1927

Paul Green wrote a work called In Abraham's Bosom. It won a Pulitzer Prize.

Harlem Globetrotters

1927

The Harem Globetrotters was established. It is still widely known today.

Cotton Club Opened

1928

Harlem's most famous cabaret opens.

The Negro Experimental theatre was founded

1928

This theatre was an inspiration to other groups int the country. It encouraged serious Black theatre and playwrights, and was founded upon the concept of being by us, near us, and for us.

A successful Broadway play by a black artist

1929

Harlem, written by Wallace Thurman, opened on broad way. It became the most successful play by a black author of its time.

The fight against segregation

1934

Members of the NAACP and the American Fund for Public Service met to discuss ways to end segregation, or the separation of blacks and whites.

The Harlem Riots

1935

Harlem's first race riot was ignited by the rumors of a teenage shoplifter being beaten. Three people died and hundreds more were injured. African-American homes and businesses were vandalized and burned.The Harlem Renaissance was in full swing until the Great Depression of the 1930s caused the economic pressure to weigh heavily on all facets of life. Many of the great talents from the Renaissance went on to be activists throughout the war and the Depression. The Harlem Renaissance did not fade quickly, but persevered quietly when arts and literature was needed most.

The last novel of the Harlem Renaissance

Approx. 1937

African American author Zora Hurtson published the novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. It was considered the last novel of the Harlem Renaissance.