African-American church groups and realtors bought a large block on135th Street and Fifth Avenue. More African-Americans moved in during WWI.
Formation of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP, is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, whose mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination."
Claude McKay Publishes
JAN 1, 1917
Two of Claude McKay's poems are published in the white literary journal Seven Arts under the Alias Eli Edwards
Silent Protest Parade
AUG 3, 1917
The protest was planned by the NAACP in response to a particularly vicious race riotin East St. Louis, Illinois, in which at least 100 black people were murdered, many of them lynched. The march was down Fifth Avenue. It was led by children, followed by the women and then the men, all dressed in white.
Return From theWar
FEB 7, 1919
369th Regiment marched up Fifth Avenue to Harlem from returning to the US after WWI has heroes. Many had fought in the hopes that it would earn them respect and further the black cause. However, the year they came back was one of the worst years for the amount of black lynching.
JUN 1, 1919
In response to African American lynching, and other violent crimes, race riots broke out in Washington, D.C., Chicago, Charleston, Knoxville, Omaha, and other cities from June to September. This was known as the "Red Summer of Hate."
An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize
Paul Green wrote a work called In Abraham's Bosom. It won a Pulitzer Prize.
JAN 1, 1929
During this year, the Negro Experimental Theatre was founded, the Negro Art Theatre was founded, and the National Colored Players was founded
stock market crashes
OCT 29, 1929
The stock market crashes, setting off the economic downturn known as the Great Depression
JAN 1, 1931
Artist Augusta Savage opens the Savage School of Arts and Crafts in Harlem
APR 1, 1931
Scottsboro trial: April to May. They were convicted of alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on the Southern Railroad freight run from Chattanooga to Memphis.
Apr 9, 1928, Wedding
The Harlem Renaissance
Works Project Administration
JAN 1, 1933
A number of Harlem Renaissance writers and artists find employment with the Works Project Administration, a government-sponsored program designed to put Americans back to work
Harlem Race Riot
MAR 19, 1935
Harlem Race Riot was sparked off by rumors of the beating of a teenage shoplifter. Three died, hundreds were wounded and an estimated $2 million in damages were sustained to properties throughout the district, with African-American owned homes and businesses spared the worst of the destruction