Harlem Renaissance


Harlem became an African-American neighborhood.


African-American church groups and realtors bought a large block on135th Street and Fifth Avenue. More African-Americans moved in during WWI.

Formation of the NAACP

Feb 12,1909

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP, is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, whose mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination."

Claude McKay Publishes

JAN 1, 1917

Two of Claude McKay's poems are published in the white literary journal Seven Arts under the Alias Eli Edwards

Silent Protest Parade

AUG 3, 1917

The protest was planned by the NAACP in response to a particularly vicious race riotin East St. Louis, Illinois, in which at least 100 black people were murdered, many of them lynched. The march was down Fifth Avenue. It was led by children, followed by the women and then the men, all dressed in white.

Return From theWar

FEB 7, 1919

369th Regiment marched up Fifth Avenue to Harlem from returning to the US after WWI has heroes. Many had fought in the hopes that it would earn them respect and further the black cause. However, the year they came back was one of the worst years for the amount of black lynching.

Race Riots

JUN 1, 1919

In response to African American lynching, and other violent crimes, race riots broke out in Washington, D.C., Chicago, Charleston, Knoxville, Omaha, and other cities from June to September. This was known as the "Red Summer of Hate."

An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize


Paul Green wrote a work called In Abraham's Bosom. It won a Pulitzer Prize.

New organizations

JAN 1, 1929

During this year, the Negro Experimental Theatre was founded, the Negro Art Theatre was founded, and the National Colored Players was founded

stock market crashes

OCT 29, 1929

The stock market crashes, setting off the economic downturn known as the Great Depression

New Schools

JAN 1, 1931

Artist Augusta Savage opens the Savage School of Arts and Crafts in Harlem

Scottsboro trial

APR 1, 1931

Scottsboro trial: April to May. They were convicted of alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on the Southern Railroad freight run from Chattanooga to Memphis.

Apr 9, 1928, Wedding

The Harlem Renaissance

Works Project Administration

JAN 1, 1933

A number of Harlem Renaissance writers and artists find employment with the Works Project Administration, a government-sponsored program designed to put Americans back to work

Harlem Race Riot

MAR 19, 1935

Harlem Race Riot was sparked off by rumors of the beating of a teenage shoplifter. Three died, hundreds were wounded and an estimated $2 million in damages were sustained to properties throughout the district, with African-American owned homes and businesses spared the worst of the destruction