The CCF, also known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, was a new political party formed in 1932. It was formed by farmers, labor groups, university teachers and Members of Parliament. Their platform outlined social and economical reforms, ending the economic difficulties Canadians faced during the Great Depression.
The name, CCF, stood for their goals and ideas: Co-operative referred to the farmer's belief in joint action, Commonwealth is linked with the idea where a society is more left-wing with shared wealth, the socioeconomic where gaps aren't as wide, and Federation signified the unity of the CCF amongst various economic and social groups.
The CCF's first leader was James Woodsworth, a passionate leader who had also participated (and was arrested) in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919.
The CCF created a document called the Regina Manifesto which outlined the CCF's policy and platform. It would allow the public to own banks and other major services, improve social services, and emphasize agricultural needs and rural areas. It was a prime example of left-wing politics, and it intended to turn Canada's capitalism into socialism.
The CCF had a huge impact in the 1930's, and even continues to do so today. Of course, they changed the name to the New Democratic Party, but it's impressive nevertheless. Although they haven't won a federal election yet, they became the Official Opposition for the first time in 2011.
This political party was more than just that: it provided a new set of ideas that differed from the standard Liberals and Conservatives. They were socialists, and they made a huge impact after entering the world of politics. They have won many, many seats over 80 years, and they will continue to make a big impact on Canada.