the us was evolving from largely agricultural nation into a complex industrial society
Artist and inventer Samuel B. Morse created the first practical telegraph
1837 - 1843
These electrical signaled using a dot and dash system later became known as Morse code. By 1843 he opened his line to commercial use
The Refinement of Crude Oil into Lamp Oil
Approx. 1850 - 1859
A Canadian scientist discovered how to use crude oil that seeped out of the ground and turn it into lamp oil called kerosene but the supply of surface oil was limited
The Bessemer Process
1855 - 1880
British inventor Henry Bessemer comes up with new method of making steel (Bessemer Process). It involved blowing air through molten iron, by doing this steel was produced much cheaper and much quicker.
Edwin Drake makes an Important discovery
Studied the techniques of drilling salt wells and later began using them for oil drilling
Oil drilling and refining becomes a huge industry
1859 - Present
This meant supplying fuel for lamps, lubricating oils for machinery, and later, gasoline for automobiles =.
Horse and Buggy Era
1865 - 1900
1870's telegraphs criss crossed country side
Approx. 1870 - 1879
Companies used telegraph networks (countryside), but the Western Union Telegraph Company dominated this industry
New Revolution and Communications
Approx. 1870 - 1879
Alexander Grande Bell had the goal of sending speech over wires
March 10, 1870
the first telephone message was the result of an emergency, Bell called out to his lab assistant Watson after accidentally spilling acid
The Gilded Age
Book written by Mark Twain which the title shows American society in this period well. Industrialists who had made great fortunes led glittering lives. But beneath that glitter, this period was marked by political corruption and social unrest.
Creation of the Carnegie Steel Company
Largest and most modern steel mill of its time
Rapid growth of American Economy
1877 - 1900
The value of American exports doubles
Founding of the Bell Telephone Company + First telephone line
The invention of the first light bulb
Edison used bamboo fibers from a Japanese fan and created the first light bulb
Transformation of railroads, bridges, and buildings
1880 - 1889
The steel industry grew making steel the metal of choice for heavy construction. Railroads switched to steel rails. Builders began using steel to construct longer bridges and taller buildings.
Central generating system
Edison created a generating system that electrified lower Manhattan.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Outlawed trusts, monopolies, and other forms of business that restricted trade. Full of vague language.
Businesses bribe legislators to pass laws favoring their companies
Approx. 1890 - 1899
United States one of the most power nations in the world
1900 - 1909
THANK YOU ECONOMY
Americans were now able to illuminate their homes with lights
1900 - Present
with new invention of electricity Americans could now keep their food cold in electric refrigerators and could send news across continents with the use of telegraphs and telephones
The United States has the strongest industrial economy in the world.
Telegraph Wires Make a Boom!
nearly 1,000,000 miles of telegraph wires were carrying 60,000,000 messages a year.
Airplane was created (homegrown)
Brothers Orville and Wilbur Write made the first successful airplane flights in history
The first automobile arrives to the United States from Europe
Approx. 1920 - 1929
The number of telephones had grown to at least 13,000,000