Members of the Third Estates, were determined to change the system and create a constitution that set out equal rights for all men.
The third estate, (moved meeting to a tennis court) swore the Tennis Court Oath, vowing to stay put until they had created a constitution that placed power in the hands of the people
About 600 angry Parisians successfully attacked the Bastille and took control of this symbol of tyranny. It inspired French people to take up arms against the king and the nobility. Became a nationlist symbol, because they helped share a sense of belonging to a nation.
A small group of deputies prepared a suprise move in the assembly with the abolishment of feudalism. A few liberal noblemen, by prearrangement, arose and surrendered their hunting rights, manors, properties, feudal and seigneurial privileges. All personal tax privileges were given up. What was left of serfdom and all personal servitudes was declared ended. With legal privilege replaced by legal equality, it proceeded to map the principles of the new order of France.
The declaration defined the individual and collective rights of all people. It became the catechism of the Revolution in France.
A hungry mob of 7,000 largely working-class women decided to march on the Versailles because there was a considerable bread shortage and the prices were very high.
Constituent Assembly confiscated church properties and also prohibited the taking of religious vows. All clergy received salaries from the state, and the average income of bishops was reduced.
It was a significant episode in the French Revolution during which King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family were unsuccessful in their attempt to escape, disguised as the servants of a Russian baroness, from the radical agitation of the Jacobins in Paris.
Louis XVI accepting the Constitution shows the beginning of the constitutional monarchy. The National Assembly abolished many “institutions which were injurious to liberty and equality of rights” in the Constitution.
Followed by the Constituent Assembly, it provided the focus of political debate and revolutionary law-making between the periods of the Constituent Assembly and of the National Convention.
It also ordered that French generals, in the occupied areas, should dissolve the old governments, confiscate government and church property, abolish tithes, hunting rights, and seigneurial dues, and set up provisional administrations. Prominent members included Robespierre of the Jacobin Club, Marat, Danton of the Cordeliers.
The Convention put Louis XVI on trial for treason, and unanimously pronounced him guilty. n response to outside threats and to ensure that the gains made during the revolution would not be lost, they executed Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette in 1793.
Levée en masse was created and understood as a means to defend the nation for the nation by the nation. From this event the nation understood itself as a community of all people. It was France's ever first victory against the Prussian army.
Many people were horrified by some brutal acts that were taking place and by the execution of the king and the queen. Fearing opposition within the country, revolutionary leaders began a crackdown that became known as the Reign of Terror. This period lasted for 11 months in 1793 and 1794. The constitution was suspended and anyone who criticized the revolution was targeted. About 17,000 people were sentenced to death.
Robespierre arrested, guillotined without trial, along with other members of the Committee of Public Safety. End of the Reign of Terror. AKA The Thermidorian Reaction. Thermidorian Reaction was a revolt in the French Revolution against the excesses of the Reign of Terror. It was triggered by a vote of the Committee of Public Safety.
A battle between the French Revolutionary troops and Royalist forces in the streets of Paris. The battle was largely responsible for the rapid advancement of Republican General Napoleon Bonaparte's career. The defeat of the Royalist insurrection extinguished the threat to the Convention. Bonaparte became a national hero, and was quickly promoted to Général de Division.
Napoleon wins his Egyptian campaign with an army of 38,000. It was a battle fought between the French army in Egypt under Napoleon, and local Mamluk forces.
Directory and the French Revolution itself came to an end with the coup d'état in which Napoléon overthrew the Directory and replaced it with the Consulate. Coup d'état is the sudden unconstitutional deposition of a legitimate government, usually by a small group of the existing state establishment to replace the deposed government with another, either civil or military.