the purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep people from entering East Germany. 171 people were killed trying to get over, under or around the Berlin Wall. Escape from East Germany was not easy but more than 5,000 East Germans (including some 600 border guards) managed to cross the border by jumping out of windows adjacent to the wall, climbing over the barbed wire, flying in hot air balloons, crawling through the sewers and driving through unfortified parts of the wall at high speeds.
• President: John F. Kennedy and Ronald Regan
• Soviet leader: Nikita S. Khrushchev, Leonid I. Brezhnev, Yuri V. Andropov, Konstantin U. Cherenkov. And Mikhail S. Gorbachev