Battles and Historical events of the French Revolution

Events

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

Contributed to the French Revolution.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Contributed to the French Revolution

Meeting the Estates General

May 5, 1789

Three classes represented the Estates General: nobles, clergy, and the rest of the population (the third estate). The third estate decided to break away and pledged the Tennis Court Oath, vowing to stay there.

Fall of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

A angry crowd marched to Bastille and took it over making King Louis the XVI withdraw the royal troops in France and dismissed finance minister Jacques Necker.

March on Versailles

October 5, 1789

People broke in to the royal family's house and forced them to go back to Paris.

Flight to Varennes

June 20, 1791

King Louis XVI did not like the fact that people could overrule his veto and tried to leave but they were caught and had to go back to the palace.

Declaration of Pillnitz

August 27, 1791

A statement issued on the date above, at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden (Saxony) by Fredrick William ll of Prussia and the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold ll (Marie Antoinette's brother).

Dissolution of the National Assembly

September 30, 1791

The National Assembly was dissolved and replaced with the Legislative Assembly but the people who were in the National Assembly could not take part in the new government.

War was Declared

April 20, 1792

The hard line monarchists wanted war because they believed the foreign armies would crush their government while the revolutionaries wanted war because they thought it would spread the ideas of the revolution throughout Europe.

Declaration of War Against Austria

April 20, 1792

By 1792 European Monarchs were eyeing France with suspicion and were worried that the revolutionary fervor would spread to other countries. However the monarchs were too expecting of each other to unite against France.
The French wanted war on the other hand to unite their country and because they thought that the foreign governments would crush them.

Brunswick Manifesto

July 25, 1792

This was a measure to further intimidate Paris by saying that if the royal family was harmed the people would be harmed but instead it spurred the increasing French Revolution.

Attack on the Tuileries Palace

August 10, 1792

A crowd of 20,000 people attacked the palace. The king and queen were arrested and over the next month hundreds of suspected royalists were executed in what is known as the "September Massacre".

Battle of Valmy

September 20, 1792

The French fought an invading Prussian army and the French. Charles William Ferdinand fought on Prussia's side was the nephew Frederick ll The Great, Charles-Francois

Declaration of the Republic and the Trial of Louis

September 21, 1792

The Legislative Assembly disbanded and replaced themselves with a news political body known as the National Convention. Their first act was passed on this date.

Reign of Terror

1793 - July 1794

The National Convention was dominated by the Committee of Public Safety which was dominated by Maximilien Robespierre. Over 16,000 people were guillotined while he was the leader of the Committee.

Louis was Executed

January 21, 1793

Louis was charged with treason found guilty and then passed for the death penalty and was decapitated on this date.

Marie Antoinette Executed

October 16, 1793

Marie Antoinette had a short trial after Louis's and was accused off many crimes that were mostly based on rumors. On the date listed above she was found guilty and killed.

Maximilien Robespierre was Arrested and Killed

July 27, 1794 - July 28, 1794

Maximilien Robespierre was arrested on the date listed above and killed the next day.

Directory and Rise of Napoleon

1799

They made a new constitution that was implemented in 1795 and leading the new government was the Directory. From the beginning the Directory was corrupted until 1799 when Napoleon came and ousted the Directory and made a new form of government.