Greek Doctor, Galen wrote on surgical cures for breast cancer. Avoidance of removal deemed to be due to the immense pain of surgery (before anesthesia).
Created conversation on importance of hormones, like the changes connected to pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted disease. Brought to attention by Italian Doctor, Bernadino Ramazzini.
John Hill publishes "Cautions against the Immediate use of Snuff" sharing tobacco and cancer links. Further recognized in 1964.
Measures taken to reduce cancer risks in the workplace after occupational increases of cancer in chimney sweepers apparent in London hospitals initially identified by, Sir Percival Potts.
Radical mastectomy became commonly used with the introduction of anesthesia, and the "Century of the Surgeon".
Radiation therapy discovered.
Discovery and understanding of viral and chemical carcinogens.
Early detection for cervical cancer introduced, and recommended by 1960 for preventative measures.
Nitrogen mustard discovered to work against cancer of lymph nodes.
Screening and early detection for abnormalities, recommended by 1976.
Able to pinpoint site of damage. Finding that cancer cells with damaged DNA do not die.
Oncogenes: Cells grow out of control and become cancer cells
Tumour Suppressor Genes: Normal cells which slow down cell division, repair DNA errors, and programmed cell death.
Modern clinical trials showed that it was equally as effective for most women with breast cancer to perform less invasive surgeries, minimizing tissue removed. Lumpectomy and Modified Radical Mastectomy encouraged over radical mastectomy.
Ultrasound (sonography), Computed Tomography (CT scans), Magnetic ResponseImaging (MRI scans) & Position Imaging Tomography (PET scans) developed.
DES was shown and reported high cases of vaginal cancer in young adults that were exposed in-utero during their mothers first trimester. The drug was used to prevent miscarriages during 1940-1970 and further used until 1979 for muscle growth in cattle.
First use of "Targeted Therapy"
High rates of deaths due to breast cancer
Health justice for women at risk of and living with breast cancer.
Involvement of women actively bringing attention to breast cancer openly.
Monoclonal antibodies, Rituxan & Herceptin approved to treat breast cancer.
In correlation to the Office of Research on Women's Health, proposals for health effects and other disruption of normal endocrine systems are granted.
Shown to be ineffective for breast cancer patients.
Used for reducing risk (prior).
bodily functions of animals showing change at levels far below the "no-effect" levels that were development in tradtional testing.
Millions of Women taken off HRT to reduce risk of breast cancer.
Another use of targeted therapy. Stopping tumour growths by stopping blood vessel growth to tumours. First proposed in 1970.
Requires the manufacturer, packer, and/or distributor to provide a list of all cosmetic products that contain any ingredients known or suspected to cause cancer or developmental or other reproductive harm.
Incident rates continue to increase.
Documented and published in the Global Assesment of Endocrine Disruptors. Endocrine disruptors listed and documented as "vast majority of EDC;'s have not been tested" stating research has just begun.
Transparency and accountability from companies that take part. Fundamental problems with pink ribbon marketing.
Identified more than 100 Chemical, Biological and Physical Carcinogens.
Significantly lower incidence rates than deaths. Relatively close to 2015 statistics showing 23.8 per 100,000 incidences.
Incidence rates at their highest (currently).