Baroque composers


Jacopo Peri

20 August 1561 - 12 August 1633

Peri was born in Rome, but studied in Florence. He had several church jobs, playing the organ and singing. He also worked at the court of the Medici family, playing instruments and composing incidental music for plays and madrigals.

Claudio Monteverdi

15 may 1567 - 29 november 1643

He was the most important composer of the early Baroque period. He lived at a time of great change in musical style. The first opera ever written was composed in 1597 by a composer named Jacopo Peri.

Michael Praetorius

February 15, 1571 - February 15, 1621

He was a German composer, organist, and music theorist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns, many of which reflect an effort to improve the relationship between Protestants and Catholics.

Lepanto's Battle

Approx. 1575

Gregorio Allergri

Approx. 1582 - 7 February 1652

He studied music as a puer (boy chorister) at San Luigi dei Francesi, under the maestro di capella Giovanni Bernardino Nanino, brother of Giovanni Maria Nanino. Being intended for the Church, he obtained a benefice in the cathedral of Fermo

Girolamo Frescobaldi

13 september 1583 - 1 march 1643

He was a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.

Francisco Correa de Araujo

17 september 1584 - 6 october 1654

Correa de Araujo was born in Seville. Like most Spanish organists from this era, details of his life are clouded by obscurity. For some time even the years of his birth and death were disputed.

Shakespeare - Hamlet


Cervantes – D. Quijote


Jean-Baptiste Lully

28 nov 1632 - 22 March 1687

He was an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France. He is considered a master of the French baroque style.

Calderón de la Barca – La vida es sueño


Gaspar Sanz

4 April 1640 - Approx. 1710

He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed Professor of Music. He wrote three volumes of pedagogical works for the baroque guitar that form an important part of today's classical guitar repertory and have informed modern scholars in the techniques of baroque guitar playing.

Marc Antoine Charpentier

1643 - 24 February 1704

Charpentier was born in or near Paris, the son of a master scribe who had very good connections to influential families in the Parlement of Paris. Marc-Antoine received a very good education, perhaps with the help of the Jesuits, and registered for law school in Paris when he was eighteen.

Juan Cabanilles

6 September 1644 - 29 April 1712

He probably began his musical career as a singer in a choir of a local church. Later he studied to become a priest in the cathedral at Valencia, which included lessons in music. On 15 May 1665, at 20 years of age, he was named the assistant organist of the cathedral. A year later, upon the death of his predecessor, he became the principal organist.

Arcangelo Corelli

17 february 1653 - 8 january 1713

He was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era. His music was key in the development of the modern genres of sonata and concerto, in establishing the preeminence of the violin, and as the first coalescing of modern tonality and functional harmony.

Velázquez - Las Meninas


Marin Marais

31 May 1656 - 15 August 1728

He was a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for six months.

Henry Purcell

10 September 1659 - 21 November 1695

He was a German composer, organist, and music theorist.He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns, many of which reflect an effort to improve the relationship between Protestants and Catholics.

François Couperin

10 November 1668 - 11 September 1733

He was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was known as Couperin le Grand ("Couperin the Great) to distinguish him from other members of the musically talented Couperin family.

Antonio Vivaldi

4 March 1678 - 28 July 1741

He was an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe.

Georg Philip Telemann

14 March 1681 - 25 June 1767

He was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist. Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family's wishes. After studying in Magdeburg, Zellerfeld, and Hildesheim, Telemann entered the University of Leipzig to study law, but eventually settled on a career in music.

Jean Philippe Rameau

25 september 1683 - 12 september 1764

He was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era.He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin.

Georg Friedrich Händel

23 de February de 1685 - 14 April 1759

He was a German, later British baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.

Johan Sabastian Bach

21 march 1685 - 28 July 1750

He was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France.

Domenico Scarlatti

26 october 1685 - 23 july 1757

He was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families. He is classified primarily as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style and he was one of the few Baroque composers to transition into the classical period.

Padre Soler

3 December 1729 - 20 December 1783

Soler was born in Olot (Catalonia, Spain) in the historical County of Besalú. In 1736, when he was six, he entered the Escolania of the Monastery of Montserrat where he studied music with the resident maestro Benito Esteve and organist Benito Valls.