1607-1754

Period 2

Events

Virgina Company

1606

created to fund and establish colonies in the Americas, Joint-stock company, religious motivation was less important than money, population was mostly male, settlers wanted money and fast,

Foundation of Jamestown

1607

First permanent English colony in the Americas, founded by the Virginia Company(joint-stock)

Indentured servitude

1609 - 1690

were main reason for such tobacco growth, chief source of agricultural labor before 1675 (african slaves), worked for their passage to america, once in it was hard to get out,

Tobacco Cultivation

1612

Made Chesapeake region economically viable, demand in England grew as colonies made more, mid-1700's most valuable cash crop produced by southern colonies

House of burgesses

1619

Foundation of Massachusetts

1620

more religious, wanted religious freedom, puritans/pilgrims- declared the principle of self-government with MayFlower Compact; "A City Upon a Hill": puritans building a model society, sit cod elf moral conduct and enforced conformity

Foundation of New Hampshire

1623

John Wheelwright

Foundation of Maryland

1634

Lord Baltimore

Foundation of Connecticut

1635

Thomas Hooker

Foundation of Rhode Island

1636

Roger Williams- expelled by Massachusetts, advanced cause of religious toleration and freedom of thought, helped establish serration of church and state

foundation of Delaware

1638

Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company

slavery legalized

1641

slaves acme a better resource of labor than indentured servants

Quaker

1650 - 1660

were pacifists who didnt bear arms, advocated freedom of worship and accepted greater role of women in church services, opposed slavery, were some of the colonies first abolitionists, claim direct revelation from God

navigation acts

1651 - 1663

colonial exports could only go to England,

Foundation of North Carolina

1653

Foundation of South Carolina

1663

Foundation of New Jersey

1664

Foundation of New York

1664

Bacons rebellion

1676

exposed tensions between the poor and rich, slaves became the more reliable event because the planters were suspicious of indentured servants, it failed but shows dangers of tensions between upper and lower classes

Foundation of Pennsylvania

1682

Founded by William Penn, unusually liberal and tolerant colony, had a representative assembly elected by landowners, granted freedom of religion to all citizens and non-state sponsored church

toleration act

1689

parliament granted freedom of worship to nonconformists

salem witch trial

1692 - 1693

in Salem, Massachusetts. mainly women accused, anti-puritan developed, 20 executed, dozens tried

Slave Codes

1705

illegal for interracial marriages as slaves were now property

The First Great Awakening

1730 - 1760

took form of religion revivals in New England, brought a renewed sense of piety, growth in protestant denominations by Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists. consequence was that new light ministers preached emotional approachs where as old light ministers didnt.

Foundation of Georgia

1732

Stono Rebellion

1739

was in S.C. largest slave revolt in colonies, causes the negro act, were trying to get the Spanish florida to free land

Negro Act of 1740

1740

Slaves could not move, assemble in groups, raise food, earn more you learn to write

Ohio Valley

1754

French and British both want territory