1890~1920: Progressivism, Imperialism, and WWI

General

Settlement House Movement

1890 - 1900

Hull House (Jane Addams)

PBBLF

Approx. 1890 - 1900

William McKinley

1897 - 1900

elected twice but got shot in his second term

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1908

First modern president
First of the three progressive presidents
"Trust buster"
New Nationalism
Square Deal
Speak Softly but Carry A big Stick (Realism)

Progressive Era

1901 - 1917

PBBLF | 1901 | Progressive Era

Women's Suffrage Movement

1901 - 1920

the largest single reform of the progressive era
Natural Rights vs Separate Spheres
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Carrie Chapman Catt (NAWSA)
Alice Paul

William Taft

1909 - 1912

Dollar Diplomacy

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1920

New Freedom
Moral Diplomacy (Idealism)
break the "Triple Wall"

Domestic

How the Other Half Lives (Jacob Riis)

1890

Panic of 1893

1893

Jacob S. Coxey's Army March to DC

1894

Election of 1896

1896

Cross of Gold Speech (William Jennings Bryan)
McKinley vs. Bryan
Populist dissolved
Gold Standard established

Dingley Tariff

1897

highest tariff in US history

Gold Standard Act

1900

Newlands Act

1902

Conservation

United Mine Workers Strike

1902

Gov side with the workers (end of PBBLF)

Department of Commerce and Labor

1903

Northern Securities Co. v. U. S.

1904

"trust buster"
end of PBBLF

The History of the Standard Oil Company (Ida Tarbell)

1904

Muckraker

The Shame of the Cities (Lincoln Steffens)

1904

political machines
muckrakers

The Jungle (Upton Sinclair)

1906

Hepburn Act

1906

Pure Food and Drug Act

June 30, 1906

Meat Inspection Act

June 30, 1906

Panic of 1907

1907

Roosevelt allowed Carnegie's monopoly to exist

Dillingham Commission

1907

ended open immigration

Pinchot-Ballinger controversy

1909

Taft alienated the progressives

NAACP

1909

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

1909

Progressives felt betrayed

Anti-trust suit vs. US Steel

1911

Taft annoyed Roosevelt

NY Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire

1911

factory safety laws

Progressive/Bull-Moose Party

1912

Roosevelt's party to run for the election of 1912

Election of 1912

1912

Wilson vs. Roosevelt vs. Taft vs. Eugene V. Debs

National Woman's Party

1913

17th Amendment

1913

direct election of senators

16th Amendment

February 3, 1913

Underwood Simmons Tariff Act

October 3, 1913

1st time the tariff had been significantly lower

Federal Reserve Act

December 1913

Federal Trade Commission

1914

Keating Owens Act

1916

ruled unconstitutional

Espionage Act

1917

spying is illegal

Sabotage and Sedition Act

1918

Sabotage: destroying the spirit of America or a person is illegal
Sedition: criticizing the gov is illegal

18th Amendment

1919

prohibition

19th Amendment

1920

women's suffrage

International

Far East: Balance of Power
Latin America: Sphere of Influence
Europe: Balance of Power

Spanish-American War

1898

Sinking of the Maine

February 1898

De Lome Letter

February 1898

Teller Amendment

April 1898

This war is a moral issue

McKinley's Declaration of War

April 1898

Battle of Manila Bay

May 1, 1898

The goal of the war is no longer to free Cuba but to strip Spain of its colonies
Beginning of the New Manifest Destiny

Battle of San Juan Hill

July 1, 1898

won by Roosevelt's Rough Riders
Made Roosevelt famous and popular

Treaty of Paris

August 1898

Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines

First Open Door note

1899

Secretary of State: John Hay

Philippine-American War

February 1899 - 1902

Emilio Aguinaldo
longer and more brutal than Spanish-American War

Second Open Door note

1900

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Platt Amendment

1901

Declaring control over Cuba

Panama Canal Zone

1903

Russo- Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

Add on to the Monroe Doctrine

Treaty of Portsmouth

1905

Roosevelt got the Nobel Peace Prize

Great White Fleet

1907

World War 1

28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918

Sinking of Lusitania

May 7, 1915

Sinking of Sussex

March 1916

Unrestricted submarine warfare

January 1917

Zimmerman Telegram

January 16, 1917

US enters WWI

April 1917

Wilson's 14 Points

1918

Treaty of Versailles

1919

reparation
guilt clause
League of Nations