Period 3


French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

British won. french was kicked out of North America, British imposed revenue taxes on colonies. ended with Treaty of Paris in 1763

Proclamation of 1763


forbid British colonists from crossing boundary line of the crest of the Appalachian Mountains. British wanted to avoid conflicts between indians and colonists. colonists resentmented the government from forbidding them to expand west.

Sugar Act


lowered taxes so colonists would pay them,

currency act of 1764


forbid colonists from using paper money, prevents worthless paper money being used to pay debts

Stamp Act


primary act was the raise revenue to support British troops, raised 2 questions: can parliament tax colonies and do they really know colonial interests? a rally was caused and they said "no taxation without representation. it was important because colonists were demonstrating loyalty to the colonies, claimed it denied their British birthrights. act was repealed because colonists boycotted births exports

Quartering Act


colonists were required to house and feed British soldiers

Townshend Act


taxed paper, paint, glass, tea, to pay governors an judges

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

colonists provoked soldiers, soldiers were put on trial, john adams defended them, 1 person died

Tea Act of 1773


Parliament wasn't punishing colonists by taxing them they were trying to save the British East India Company

Coercive Acts or 1774


Was parliaments response to Boston Tea Party. designed to punish massacdusettes, primarily Boston, lost man you chartered rights, Port of Boston was closed until all the damage was paid for

Quebec Act


Gave the french Ohio River Valley; angered Virginians and Pennsylvanians

1st Continental Congress


called in response to Coercive Acts, Passed Declaration of Rights and Grievances, called for the real of the Coercive acts, called for boycott and threatened to stop exporting

Battle of lexington and concord


kicked off revolutionary war, "shoot heard around the world"

Battle of Bunker Hill


British won, that didn't stop americans because they inflicted significant casualties on British army.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

colonists supported it because they believed George III was a tyrant, believed the parliament wanted to control the internal affairs of the colonies without their consent, sensed all priests and government officials were corrupt, colonists wanted to do more with government, resented quartering of British troops, wanted to preserve their way of life and not have it tainted by the British

2nd Continental Congress


discussed whether they could declare freedom from England as Englishman, George Washington leader of continental army; trained by British, walked in with Virgina Malita and says their ready to fight

Declaration of Independence


Jefferson, Franklin and Adams used natural rights from Locke to prove points made, gives an presses people the right to alter or abolish an unjust government, appealed to english people, accused George III to tyranny, declared colonies free and independent states.

Common Sense


political pamphlet by Thomas Paine, worded to get independence from great Britain. opposed monarchy-called for republican. his wording helped people get over the loyalty thy had for the mother country and the monarchy. Paine used the Bible and natural world references to get people to back him up

Battle of Saratoga


turning point because Americans finally had support from french troops and bak accounts.

French American Alliance


primary motivation for french was to weaker the British Empire, they were NOT motivated by the republican ideals. this influenced generous offers from British during the Treaty of Paris 1783

Articles of Confederation


written in 1777 ratified in 1781, gave powers to new government but it had some downfalls, weakness: lack of tax or authority over states, inability to regulate trade, no executive branch or judicial. important accomplishments: Land ordinance of 1785, Northwest ordinance of 1787; provided orderly creation of states, excluded slavery north of ohio river, supported public education,

Treaty of Paris


established Americas new boundaries, Adams, Franklin, Jay, Jefferson, and Laurens were the 5 people who negotiated the treaty. loyalists would not be persecuted anymore, Great Britain gave up fur trade in the west.

Amendment 11


suits against states

Shays Rebellion


Caused: farmers couldn't pay there debts in hard currency it pointed out flaws in government system. Changes wanted: end in farm foreclosures, end to imprisonment for debt, relief from high taxes, increased circulation of money. Leaders did NOT attempt to overthrow government, convinced many national leaders that the current government was too weak

federal Constitution


it stated: gave congress authority to declare war, guarantee of legality of slavery, created an electoral college to safeguard president from direct popular vote, impeachment of president, provision for ratifying constitution, federalism, bicameral legislature: house of representatives and Senate, listed powers of congress, 3/5 compromise
NOT included: two term limit for president, universal male suffrage, presidential cabinet, direct election of senators by people, freedom of speech and press, speedy and public trial, idea of political parties

The Federalist

1787 - 1788

Hamilton and Madison, supported ratification go the 1787 constitution, large rubric offered best protection to the minority

George Washington Presidency

1789 - 1796

First president; kept army together by playing baseball at valley forge; after war is over he got to congress and hands hands him his sword and gives them the continental army,

Bill of Rights


added for anti-federalists, Madison wrote 17-10 accepted, distracted from other political problems

Amendments 1-10 (Bill of Rights)


1: freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition; 2: right to bear arms; 3:soldiers can't be quartered on personal property; 4: search and seizure; 5: Grand jury, double jeopardy, self-incitation, due process; 6: Rights to jury trial, witnesses and evidence against person; 7: jury trial; 8: excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishment; 9: non-enumerated rights; 10: rights reserved to states

John Adams Presidency

1796 - 1800

Was a lawyer. was a delegate on continental congress, diplomat in England, only served one term and handed over power peacefully, even though the election was brutal

Washington's Farewell Address


warned americans against dangers of parties, also entangling alliances with other nations,

Alien and Sedition Acts


Alien Act- allowed president to deport "dangerous aliens"
Sedition Act- illegal to speak, write, or print any statements about president the would bring him into contempt and disrepute