in 509 BC a group of patricians rebelled and overthrew the last Etruscan king because they did not like their rule.
In place of a king the patricians decided to make a republic. They believed in giving power to the people which they thought were themselves. They also put most of their power in the Senate which was a group of 300 men that they would elect. They finally had two elected consuls who shared command in the army.
Only patricians could participate in this new republic which angered the plebeians because they had to follow all of their rules. Most of these laws were unfair and only were in favor of the patricians. The plebeians then began to revolt. They demanded for more rights. They then went out of the country which worried the patricians because most of the people in their army were plebeians, and they were afraid that if somebody were to attack, they would be helpless. After this the patricians made a compromise.
The plebeians demanded that laws would be written down, so that the patricians could not change them whenever they want. After a while they agreed to add this law.
A new law said that one of the consuls had to be a plebeian. Consuls held seats in the Senate, so plebeians could also now become senates.
The plebeians gained the right to pass laws to all Roman citizens. Now all Roman citizens could approve or reject laws. Plebeian assemblies also nominated consuls, tribunes, and the members of the Senate. The plebeians finally won equal rights with the patricians.
When an emperor died, rivals would fight each other for the crown. Sometimes they would not wait until they died. It was common for emperors to be murdered. This lead to a series of weak and dishonest emperors.
Emperor Constantine moved his capital 850 miles to the east to Byzantium. He renamed the city New Rome. It was later called Constantinople. Today it is known as Istanbul, Turkey.
A Germanic tribe looted Rome. They also overthrew most of the emperors
The Germanic tribes finally overthrew the last emperor.
The western half of the empire separated into separate kingdoms which were ruled by different tribes.
In the east, the empire lived on for another 1,000 years. Today we call it the Byzantine Empire. They tried to bring Roman heritage into their civilization, but they were never able to put the empire back together. The fall of Rome was known as the end of the ancient world.