Contemporary Age


J.R. Tolkien

1892 - 1973

The most influential novels written in the last 50 years is Tolkien's The Fellowship of the Ring (1954-1956),
His mesmerising fantasy world of elves and goblins has spawned thousands of imitators who have unsuccessfully tried to match one of the literary landmarks of the 20th century.

Graham Greene

1904 - 1991

Graham Green was an acute observer in his fellow-man though often in a more humours and light-hearted way than Golding. His novels are sett all over the world and in one of them he provides us with a multifarious panorama of characters and storylines.
His most highly praised works is The Power and The Glory (1940), examines the themes of revolution a d religious persecution. More of his best works are The Heart of Matter and Our Man in Havana.

Stephen Spender

1909 - 1985

Stephen Spender's I Think Continually of Those who Were Truly Great achieved wide popularity, He is often associated with pre-war writers although he belongs to this period chronologically

William Golding

1911 - 1993

The theme of William Golding's work is the basic nature of man.

His books often take the form of a moral allegory in which the characters, as representatives of the human race, reveal some of the less savoury aspects of man's natural instincts.

Anthony Burgess

1917 - 1994

Anthony Burgess's Clockwork Orange (1962) was truly significant. The novel is a ringing condemnation of a technologically advanced but morally corrupt world. The anti-hero of the story is a 15 year old boy whose alienation from a soulless society manifests itself in gratious violence, rape and cruelty.

Muriel Spark

1918 - 2006

No female writer has been more prolific than Muriel Spark whose witty, satirical novels often examine the hidden strangeness go individuals.

Two of her most known works are The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961) and Momento Mori (1958)

Iris Murdoch

1919 - 1999

Iris Murdoch was a philosopher and writer. Her uniquely accurate physiological observation of the English middle-classes in her novels have won widespread admiration.
Known novel: The Sea, The Sea (1972)

Philip Larkin

1922 - 1985

Philip Larkin was a member of poet group, The Movement, which rejected the intellectual elitism of the modernists and the Bloomsbury Group in favour of a more rational and ironic form of verse. They published their work in a highly influential anthology called New Lines. Larkin's reputation has best stood the test of time.
His poems are about the routine of daily life in modern urban Britain. He in no way romanticises the lives of quiet desperation that are led by many people as they go about their daily business. He uses frank, colloquial language to get his often pessimistic message across.

He simply observes and wittily comments on the world around him, unlike modernists.

John Fowles

1926 - 2005

John Fowles's The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969) was truly significant. He provides us with a ingenious 20th-century perspective on a Victorian love triangle. Although the novel develops along traditional Victorian lines, the contemporary narrator continuously interjects to put a modern interpretation on the events as they unfold and, instead of a traditional ending, the reader is offered two possible endings. Could safely be categorised as post-modern.

Ted Hughes

1930 - 1998

Fay Weldon

1935 - Present

Female issues are to the fore in some of her works.
In her novels such as Female Friends (1975) she explores a world that has been freed from moralistic restrictions on sex.

David Lodge

1935 - Present

David Lodge is a part of the comic tradition of novel writing in English. His very funny The British Museum is Falling Down (1965) is a part of that tradition and is associated with a genre called campus fiction.

Margaret Drabble

1939 - Present

Female issues are to the fore in some of her works.
The Millstone (1965) deals with the joys and pains go pregnancy.

Angela Carter

1940 - 1992

Her main interest was in the world of fable, which she developed into a form go magic realism. Example of her work within the magic realism is Wise Children (1991).

Magic realism is a term about a artwork in which the dividing line between reality and fantasy is unclear and even disappears.

Sexual and feminist issues were dealt with in Angela Carter's novel the Passion of New Eve (1977)

Seamus Deane

1940 - Present

Seamus Deane's attachment to his own region comes through strongly in his highly-acclaimed novel, Reading in the Dark (1996). His flowing, haunting prose has captivated readers and critics.

Ian McEwan

1948 - Present

Ian McEwan has written for both film and television but he is best known for his strikingly original short stories and poems, including First Love, Last Rites (1975) and Black Dogs (1992).
His works have sometimes been described as grotesque and in some ways his frighteningly convincing depictions of evil are reminiscent of some of the gothic novels of the eighteenth century.

Roddy Doyle

1958 - Present

Roddy Doyle was born in Dublin and transcribes the speech pattern of working-class Dublin onto the page with great effect.
His Barrytown Trilogy is a story of a teenage pregnancy and was a major success because it opened up a new world for many readers.

Irving Welsh

1958 - Present

Irving Welsh's Transporting (1995) depicts in graphically shocking terms the seedy underworld go drug addiction in Edinburgh and opened up a new world for readers,