Renaissance Times

Events

The Renaissance

1300 - 1600

A period in European history seen as a bridge between the Middle Ages and modern day. This period was a time of change largely dealing with culture and art. New artistic styles of the 3rd dimension and perspective were largely popular in the time.

Leonardo Da Vinci

1452 - 1519

A renaissance artist, mathematician, inventor and writer. Especially known for his works "The Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa". The inventor of the flying machine that may have led to the first helicopter.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Martin Luther became one of the leaders of the Protestant. He strongly disagreed with the corruption in the church and wrote his most famous works know as 'The 95 Theses'.

The English Reformation

1534 - 1547

Henry VIII made himself the head of the Protestant church. The practice of the Catholic Church was to be married for life, but Henry VIII's wife was too old to have children and he wanted an heir and saw his only way being to get a divorce and marry again. Henry VIII went against the wishes of the pope and divorced and then married again. This essentially led to the split in the church. The Church was already largely unpopular because of the large taxes that they took, so Henry VIII used this fact to his advantage and made himself the leader of his church.

Akbar the Great

1542 - 1605

Akbar has been seen as the greatest Mughal emperor for how much he extended his empire. He extended his territory to most of the Indian subcontinent to keep his empire together. He strengthened his central administration and organized tax collection processes. Akbar never renounced Islam, but he showed interest in other religions in religious discussion and encouraged artists to make his court a center of culture.

Rule of Queen Mary I

1553 - 1558

During the reign of Queen Mary she harshly persecuted Protestants, which led to her nickname "Bloody Mary". During her short reign, she also restablished the Catholic Church in England.

The Elizabethan Era

1558 - 1603

The Elizabethan Era is the name given to the time period during the rule of Queen Elizabeth I. There was an upswell of theater and poetry during this time as well as exploration of the New World to form colonies. This was seen as a GOlden Age in English history.

The Sumptuary Laws ( Fashion)

Approx. 1560 - Approx. 1600

Sumptuary Laws were laws placed by the Church meant to controll the lavishness of clothing and the amount spent on clothing. These laws were impossible to enforce and thus were barely punishable. If someone complained about your mode of dress a fine and warning might be given, but it was unlikely that you would be jailed. It could be damaging to your career if the queen found something untoward about your outfit, but besides that people mostly spent as much as they wanted to outdo their neighbor in fashion and splendor.

William Shakespeare

April 1564 - 23 April 1616

A famous playwrite and poet who is lawded for his understtanding of people and how they think. Fifteen of Shakespeare's thirty seven works were published. He is known for several of his works including : 'Romeo and Juliet', 'Henry VIII', 'Hamlet', 'Macbeth', 'The Merchant of Venice', 'Titus Andronicus', 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' etc.

The Start of Cookbooks (Food)

Approx. 1570 - Approx. 1574

Around the late 1500s was when cook books started to be regularly published. Many of these books contained the 'secrets' of the food of the wealthy. They played up the fact that they supposedly contained the remedies and recipes of the wealthy. These items were aimed at wome, but only a small percent of women were literate and had enough money to afford the ingredientss used in the books.

The Anglo-Spanish War

1585 - 1604

This war was made up of intermittent conflict between the kingdoms of Spain and England. It started with the British military expedition to the Netherlands to support the resistence against Hamburg rule. The British defeated the Spanish armada in 1588. The war was brought to an end in 1604 by the Treaty of London.

Romeo and Juliet

1597

The play by Shakespeare that has been adapted hundreds of times and is considered classic literature. Possibly one of the most well known tragedies, that has been adapted hundreds of times.

Baroque

1600 - 1750

For a long time this period was considered unimportant, but was later realised as a legitimate art form. This style gave more depth to the styles of the Renaissance which often lacked expression despite the attention to detail.

The Merchant of Venice

1605

A classic work by playwright William Shakespeare. The story of a merchant his friends and their loves and tragedies.

The Gunpowder Plot

1605

The Gunpowder Plot was a plot made by some Catholics- most notably- Guy Fawkes, to blow up James I ( the first Stuart king of England. The Catholics in England had anticipated understanding from James, but instead he ordered the Catholic priests to leave. They decided that they would put his Catholic daughter in power instead and attempted to blow up James I and everyone in Parliament during that time. Guy Fawkes (the explosives expert of his group) was caught after being left to light the explosives.

Much Ado About Nothing

1612

Elizabeth Key Grinstead

1630 - 1665

Grinstead was the first woman of African heritage to sue for her freedom and win. She dedicated her life to fighting for equality for Blacks. She taught herself the law and was helped by her husband William Grinstead. Elizabeth gave hope to other slaves with her life's work.

Nanny of the Jamaican Maroons

1685 - 1755

Nanny is a national heroine of Jamaica. She united the Maroons to fight for freedom from Great Britain. She was a great warrior and strong leader, who led her people to independence and was seen as a symbol of freedom for her people.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791

An Austrian pianist and composer who largely shaped the future of classical music. He began composing by the age of five of went on to make beautiful works (over 600) that outlived him