Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, becomes chancellor of Germany and almost immediately begins consolidating his power and imprisoning his political enemies
November 9, 1938
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass): a series of coordinated attacks against Jews throughout Germany.
Lend- Lease Act
March 11, 1941
At the urging of FDR, US Congress passes Lend- Lease Act, which provides the British, the only European power left fighting Nazi Germany, with much needed war supplies.
Bombing at Pearl Harbor
Japanese naval and air force attack the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, plunging the United States into WWII.
Executive Order 9066
February 19, 1942
FDR signs Executive Order 9066, which soon leads to the internment in isolated camps of more than 110,000 Japanese Americans for the remainder of the war.
May 15, 1942
The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is created, giving women an opportunity to serve in the Army.
"Rosie the Riveter" First Appears
May 29, 1943
“Rosie the Riveter” appears on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post as a tribute to women working in defense factories.
Tuskegee Airmen's First Combat Mission
June 2, 1943
The Tuskegee Airmen, African American pilots trained at Tuskegee Airfield in Alabama, undertake their first combat missions protecting bombers flying over Europe.
D- Day takes place
June 6, 1944
D-Day: in the largest invasion in WWII, Allied forces storm the beach in Normandy, France.
Battle of the Bulge
December 16, 1944
Battle of the Bulge: Germany’s last offensive in Western Europe threatens to push the Americans back toward the Atlantic. It would become known as the largest and bloodiest battle the US fought during WWII.
Soviet Troops Liberate Auschwitz
January 26, 1945
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz death camp in southern Poland.
February 4, 1945
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta, Soviet Union, to discuss post- war reorganization of Europe
Flag at Iwo Jima Raised
February 23, 1945
US Marines raise the flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima, four days into the 36 day battle for the tiny Japanese- held island.
May 8, 1945
Victory in Europe (V-E Day) is declared as Germany offers unconditional surrender to the Allies.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Attack
August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945
The US Army Air Force drops two nearly developed atomic bombs, one each on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japanese Sign Surrender Documents- War Ends
September 2, 1945
Following their announcement of surrender two weeks earlier, Japanese dignitaries sign the official surrender documents aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, ending WWII.
Nuremberg War Crime Trials
November 2, 1945
The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials of top Nazi political and military leaders begins; many of the horrors to the Holocaust are brought to the public’s attention.