The rule of Ne Win and his powerful ways of socialism, had turned Burma, once expected to become one of the fastest developing nations of Asia, into one of the poorest countries on the globe. The economy gradually began to slowly decline with rice shortages, a contaminated water supply, and a high poverty rate nationwide. With Sein Lwin being appointed as the head of the new government, the BSPS (Burma Socialist Programme Party) was established; in which many Burmese citizens were outraged with the way their country was being ruled. On August 8, 1988 at Rangoon (the capital of Burma), hundreds of thousands of people marched to demand that the BSPS be replaced by a civilian government. The march soon became bloody, as Burmese soldiers shot at unarmed rebel crowds, killing several thousand protesters.