Section 3 AP World History

Chapters 7-13

Events

206 BCE - 220 CE

206 BCE - 220 CE

Reign of Han dynasty in China

111 BCE

111 BC

Vietnam conquered by China

109 BCE

109 BC

Choson (Korea) conquered by China

100-200 CE

100 CE - 200 CE

Camels introduced for trade in the Sahara

220 CE

220 CE

End of the Han dynasty

220-589 CE

220 CE - 589 CE

Era of Six Dynastics; political discord in China; time of great Buddhist influence

222 - 589 CE

222 CE - 589 CE

Era of division in China

300 CE

300 CE

Origins of the kingdom of Ghana

309 CE

309 CE

Trung sisters Revolt in Vietnam

330's

330 CE

Constantinople becomes capital of eastern Roman empire

527-565 CE

527 CE - 565 CE

Justinian, eastern Roman (Byzantine) Emperor

570-632 CE

570 CE - 632 CE

Muhammad

570 CE

570 CE

Birth of the prophet of Muhammad

589-618 CE

589 CE - 618 CE

Sui dynasty (China); building of the Grand Canal

597-626 CE

597 CE - 626 CE

Wars between the Byzantine and Sassanian (Persian) empires

600-700 CE

600 CE - 700 CE

Islam spreads across North Africa

610 CE

610 CE

Muhammad's first revelations

610-613 CE

610 CE - 613 CE

Origins of Islam

613 CE

613 CE

Muhammad begins to preach the new faith

618-907 CE

618 CE - 907 CE

Tang dynasty (China)

618-626 CE

618 CE - 626 CE

Gaozu emperor

618 - 907 CE

618 CE - 907 CE

Tang Dynasty in China

622 CE

622 CE

Muhammad's flight (hijra) from Mecca to Medina

624-627 CE

624 CE - 627 CE

War between the followers of Muhammad and the Quraysh of Mecca

627-649 CE

627 CE - 649 CE

Tang Taizong emperor

628 CE

628 CE

Muslim-Meccan Truce

630 CE

630 CE

Muhammad enters Mecca in Triumph

632 CE

632 CE

Death of Muhammad

632-634 CE

632 CE - 634 CE

Rule of Caliph Abu Bakr

633-634 CE

633 CE - 634 CE

Ridda Wars in Arabia

634-750 CE

634 CE - 750 CE

Arab expansion in Middle East; spread of Islam in North Africa

634-643 CE

634 CE - 643 CE

Early Muslim conquests in the Byzantine empire

634-644 CE

634 CE - 644 CE

Rule of Caliph Umar

637 CE

637 CE

Arab invasion and destruction of Sassanian empire

644-656 CE

644 CE - 656 CE

Rule of Caliph Uthman

646 CE

646 CE

Taika reforms in Japan

650's CE

650 CE

Slavic migrations into eastern Europe

656-661 CE

656 CE - 661 CE

Rule of Caliph Ali; first civil war

661-680 CE

661 CE - 680 CE

Mu'awiya

661-750 CE

661 CE - 750 CE

Umayyad caliphate (Damascus)

668-918 CE

668 CE - 918 CE

Silla Kingdom in Korea

668 CE

668 CE

Korea wins independence from Tang (China) conquerors

680-692 CE

680 CE - 692 CE

Second civil war

680 CE

680 CE

Death of Ali's son Husayn at Karbala

688 CE

688 CE

Korean conquest; vassal states of Silla

690-705 CE

690 CE - 705 CE

Empress Wu; Buddhist influence in China peaks

710-784 CE

710 CE - 784 CE

Imperial Japanese Capital at Nara

711 CE

711 CE

First Islamic incursions in India

711-713 CE

711 CE - 713 CE

First Muslim raids into India

712-756 CE

712 CE - 756 CE

Xuanzong emperor

718 CE

718 CE

Byzantines defeat Arab attack on Constantinople

732 CE

732 CE

Franks defeat Muslims in France

744-750 CE

744 CE - 750 CE

Third civil war; Abbasid revolt

750 CE

750 CE
  • Abbasid caliphate founded/begins

  • Establishment of the Abbasid caliphate (Baghdad)

775-785 CE

775 CE - 785 CE

Reign of al-Mahdi

777 CE

777 CE
  • Independent Islamic kingdoms begin in North Africa and Iberia

  • Independent dynasty established in Algeria

788 CE

788 CE

Independent dynasty established in Morocco

794 CE

794 CE

Japanese Capital shift to Heian (kyoto)

800-814 CE

800 CE - 814 CE

Charlemagne's empire in Western Europe

800 CE

800 CE

Independent dynasty established in Tunisia

809 CE

809 CE

First war of succession between Abbasid princes

813-833 CE

813 CE - 833 CE

Reign of al-Ma'mun; first mercenary forces recruited 865-925 life of al-Razi, physician and scientist

838 CE

838 CE

Last Japanese Embassy to China

840's

840 CE

Period of Buddhist persecution

855 CE

855 CE
  • Russian kingdom around Kiev

  • Rurik king of Kievan Russia (according to legend)

857-1,160 CE

857 CE - 1,160 CE

Period of fujiwara dominance in Japan

864 CE

864 CE

Beginning of Christian missionary work of Cyril and Methodius in Slavic lands

870 CE

870 CE

First kingdom in what is now Czech and Slovak republics

878 CE

878 CE

Last Japanese embassy to China

896 CE

896 CE

Magyars settle in Hungary

900-1,465 CE

900 CE - 1,465 CE

Chimor Empire based on Chan-Chan on north coast of Peru

900-1,000 CE

900 CE - 1,000 CE

Spread of new plows; use of horses in agriculture and transport

900 CE

900 CE

End of intermediate horizon and decline of Tihuanaco and Huari

907 CE

907 CE

End of the Tang dynasty

907 - 1,118 CE

907 CE - 1,118 CE

Khitan conquest of North China

918-1,392 CE

918 CE - 1,392 CE

Koryo Dynasty in Korea

939 CE

939 CE

Vietnam wins independence from China

945 CE

945 CE

Persian Buyids capture Baghdad; caliphs become puppets rulers

960-1,127 CE

960 CE - 1,127 CE

Song dynasty (China)

960 CE

960 CE

Emergence of Polish state

960-1,279 CE

960 CE - 1,279 CE

Song dynasty; Neo-Confucian revival

962 CE

962 CE

Germanic kings revive Roman empire

968 CE

968 CE

Tula established by Toltecs (Mesoamerica)

973-1,050 CE

973 CE - 1,050 CE

Life of al-Biruni, scientist

980-1,015 CE

980 CE - 1,015 CE
  • Christian Conversions of Vladimir l of Russia

  • Conversion of Russia to Christianity

980-1,009

980 CE - 1,009 CE

Le Dynasty in Vietnam

998 CE

998 CE

Beginning of Ghazni raids into western India

1,000 CE

1,000 CE
  • Toltec conquest of Chichen Itza and influence in Yucatan

  • Ghana empire at its height (West Africa)

1,018 CE

1,018 CE
  • Byzantine defeat of Bulgarian kingdom

  • Beginning of Christian reconquest of Spain

1,019-1,054 CE

1,019 CE - 1,054 CE

Reign of Yaroslav, king of Rus'

1,020 CE

1,020 CE

Death of Firdawsi, author of the Shah-Nama

1,037 - 1,194 CE

1,037 CE - 1,194 CE

Seljuk Turks dominate the Middle East

1,038-1,123 CE

1,038 CE - 1,123 CE

Life of Omar Khayyam, scientist and poem

1,050 CE

1,050 CE

Invention of block printing with moveable type

1,054 CE

1,054 CE

Schism between Eastern and Western Christianity

1,055 CE

1,055 CE

Seljuk Turks overthrow Buyids, control Abbasid caliphate

1,058-1,111 CE

1,058 CE - 1,111 CE

Life of al-Ghazali, philosopher and scientist

1,066 CE

1,066 CE

Norman conquest of England; rise of feudal monarchy in western Europe

1,067-1,085 CE

1,067 CE - 1,085 CE

Shenzong emperor; reforms of Wang Anshi

1,070-1,141 CE

1,070 CE - 1,141 CE

Peter Abelard

1,073-1,085 CE

1,073 CE - 1,085 CE

Gregory the VII, reform pope

1,096-1,099 CE

1,096 CE - 1,099 CE

First Christian Crusade in Palestine

1,096-1,270 CE

1,096 CE - 1,270 CE

Crusades

1,100 CE

1,100 CE
  • Invention of explosive powder (China)

  • Almoravid movement in the Sahara

1,100-1,453 CE

1,100 CE - 1,453 CE

Byzantine decline; under growing attack by the Ottoman

1,100-1,250 CE

1,100 CE - 1,250 CE

Almohads rule North Africa and Spain

1,115 CE

1,115 CE

Jurchen (Jin) kingdom in north China

1,115 - 1,234 CE

1,115 CE - 1,234 CE

Jurchens (Jin dynasty) rule north China

1,119 CE

1,119 CE

First reference to use of compass for sea navigation

1,126 CE

1,126 CE

Song dynasty flees to south China

1,127-1,279 CE

1,127 CE - 1,279 CE

Southern Song dynasty

1,150-1,350 CE

1,150 CE - 1,350 CE

Spread of Gothic style; scholasticism in western Europe

1,150-1,300 CE

1,150 CE - 1,300 CE

Gothic style spreads

1,150 CE

1,150 CE

Fall of Tula, disintegration of Toltec Empire

1,160-1,185 CE

1,160 CE - 1,185 CE

Tiara clan dominant in Japan

1,180 CE

1,180 CE

University of Paris

1,180 - 1,185 CE

1,180 CE - 1,185 CE

Gempei wars in Japan

1,185-1,333 CE

1,185 CE - 1,333 CE

Kamakura Shogunate (Japan)

1,200 CE

1,200 CE

Rise of empire of Mali (West Africa)

1,200-1,274 CE

1,200 CE - 1,274 CE

Thomas Aquinas and flowering of scholasticism

1,200-1,500 CE

1,200 CE - 1,500 CE

Mississippian culture flourishes

1,203-1,204 CE

1,203 CE - 1,204 CE

Fourth Crusade, Westerners sack Constantinople

1,206 CE

1,206 CE
  • Temujin takes the name of Chinggis Khan; Mongol state founded

  • Establishment of Delhi sultanate in India

1,215 CE

1,215 CE
  • First Mongol attacks on north China, Beijing captured

  • Magna Carta

1,217 CE

1,217 CE

Death of Chinggis Khan, Ogedei named successor

1,226-1,270 CE

1,226 CE - 1,270 CE

Louis IX of France

1,231-1,392 CE

1,231 CE - 1,392 CE

Mongols rule Korea

1,234 CE

1,234 CE

Mongols take all of North China, end of Jin dynasty

1,235-1,279 CE

1,235 CE - 1,279 CE

Mongol conquest of south China, end of southern Song dynasty

1,236 CE

1,236 CE

Capture of Baghdad by Mongols; end of Abbasid caliphate

1,236 - 1,240 CE

1,236 CE - 1,240 CE

Mongol conquest of Russia

1,237-1,241 CE

1,237 CE - 1,241 CE
  • Mongols (Tartars) capture Russia

  • Mongol invasion of western Europe

1,253 CE

1,253 CE

Mongol victory over seljuk Turks, rise of the Ottoman Turks in the Middle East

1,258 CE

1,258 CE
  • Mongol conquest of Baghdad; fall of Abbasid caliphate

  • Mongol destruction of Baghdad

  • Fall of Baghdad to Mongols; end of Abbasid caliphate

1,260 CE

1,260 CE
  • Death of Sundiata; earliest stone buildings at Zimbabwe; Lalibela rules in Ethiopia; Yoruba culture flourishes at Ile-Ife

  • Mamluk (slave) rulers of Egypt defeat Mongols at Ain Jalut, end of drive west

1,260-1,294 CE

1,260 CE - 1,294 CE

Reign of Kublai Khan in China

1,265 CE

1,265 CE

First English parliament

1,266-1,337 CE

1,266 CE - 1,337 CE

Life of Giotto

1,271-1,295 CE

1,271 CE - 1,295 CE

Journey of Marco Polo to central Asia, China, and southeast Asia

1,271 - 1,368 CE

1,271 CE - 1,368 CE

Reign of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty in China

1,274 - 1,280 CE

1,274 CE - 1,280 CE

Failed Mongol invasion of Japan

1,275-1,292 CE

1,275 CE - 1,292 CE

Marco Polo in China

1,279-1,368 CE

1,279 CE - 1,368 CE

Mongol (Yuan) dynasty rules all China

1,290's CE

1,290 CE
  • First true guns used in China

  • Beginning of the spread of Islam in southeast Asia

1,290-1,317 CE

1,290 CE - 1,317 CE

Famines in Europe

1,291 CE

1,291 CE
  • First Italian expedition seeks route to Indies

  • Fall of Acre; last crusader stronghold in Middle East

1,300 CE

1,300 CE

Mali at its height; Kanem empire is a rival

1,303 CE

1,303 CE

Seizure of papacy by French king

1,304-1,374 CE

1,304 CE - 1,374 CE

Life of Petrarch; development of Italian Renaissance

1,320-1,340 CE

1,320 CE - 1,340 CE

Bubonic plague breaks out in Gobi desert and spread out to other parts of Asia and west to the Mediterranean and Europe

1,320's CE

1,320 CE
  • Europeans first use cannons in war

  • Spread of bubonic plague (black Death) in Gobi desert

1,324 CE

1,324 CE

Pilgrimage of Mansa Musa

1,325 CE

1,325 CE
  • Aztecs established in central Mexico; Tenochtitlan founded

  • Rise of Aztec empire (Mesoamerica)

1,330's CE

1,330 CE

Black Death reaches China

1,336 - 1,405 CE

1,336 CE - 1,405 CE

Life of Timur

1,338-1,453 CE

1,338 CE - 1,453 CE

Hundred Years' War in Europe

1,347 CE

1,347 CE

Black Death reaches Sicily

1,348-1,380 CE

1,348 CE - 1,380 CE

Black Death (bubonic plague)

1,348-1,375 CE

1,348 CE - 1,375 CE

Black Death spreads in Europe and Russia

1,348 CE

1,348 CE

Peak of Black Death in Middle East

1,350 CE

1,350 CE
  • Rise of Incas (Andes)

  • Incas established in Cuzco area

mid-14th Century

1,350

Spread of Black Death in Eurasia

1,368 CE

1,368 CE

Mongols expelled from China; Ming dynasty

1,392 - 1,910 CE

1,392 CE - 1,910 CE

Yi Dynasty in Korea

1,400 CE

1,400 CE
  • Flourishing of cities of Timbuktu and Jenne; Ethiopian Christian kingdom; Swahili cities flourishes on east African coast

  • End of Polynesian expeditions/migrations

1,405-1,433 CE

1,405 CE - 1,433 CE

Chinese trading expeditions

1417,1431 CE

1,417 CE - 1,431 CE

Last Chinese trade voyages to east Africa

1,434-1,471 CE

1,434 CE - 1,471 CE

Great expansion under Inca Pachacuti

1,434-1,472 CE

1,434 CE - 1,472 CE

Rule of Nezahualcoyotl at Texcoco

1,434 CE

1,434 CE

Creation of triple alliance

1,438 CE

1,438 CE

Incas dominate Cuzco and southern highlands

1,439 CE

1,439 CE

Portugal takes over Azores; increasing expeditions into Atlantic and along northwest African coast

1,440-1,469 CE

1,440 CE - 1,469 CE

Reign of Moctezuma I

1,453 CE

1,453 CE

Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople; end/fall of Byzantine empire

1,467 - 1,477 CE

1,467 CE - 1,477 CE

Onin war in Japan

1,469 CE

1,469 CE
  • Union of Aragon and Castile; Rise of Spanish monarchy

  • Formation of single Spanish monarchy

1,471-1,493 CE

1,471 CE - 1,493 CE
  • Inca Topac Yupanqui increases areas under control

  • Peak of Inca empire

1,480 CE

1,480 CE

Expulsion of Tartars from Russia

1,493-1,527 CE

1,493 CE - 1,527 CE

Huayna Capac expands into Ecuador; his death results in civil war

1,500 CE

1,500 CE
  • Nguyen Dynasty in central/south Vietnam founded

  • Songhay empire flourishes; Benin at height of power

1,502-1,520 CE

1,502 CE - 1,520 CE

Reign of Moctezuma II

1,539 - 1,787 CE

1,539 CE - 1,787 CE

Trinh Dynasty in Red River area (Vietnam)

1,600 CE

1,600 CE

Founding of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan