Section 2 AP World History

Chapters 3-6

Events

1,700 BCE

1,700 BC

Indo-European invasions of Greek peninsula

1,600-1,000

1,600 BC - 1,000 BC

Aryan invasion of India

1,500-1,000 BCE

1,500 BC - 1,000 BC

Vedic Age

1,400 BCE

1,400 BC

Kingdom of Mycenae; Trojan War

1,200-700 BCE

1,200 BC - 700 BC

Sacred Vedas composed

1,122-770 BCE

1,122 BC - 770 BC

Former or Western Zhou kingdom

1,000 BCE

1,000 BC
  • Polynesians reach Fiji, Samoa

  • Independent Kingdom of Kush

1,000-600 BC

1,000 BC - 600 BC

Epic Age: Mahabharata, Ramayana, and Upanishads composed

800-400 BCE

800 BC - 400 BC

Spread of Olmec civilization: cultivation of Maize (corn), potatoes; domestication of Turkeys, dogs

800-600 BCE

800 BC - 600 BC

Rise of Greek city-states; Athens and Sparta become dominant

770-403 BCE

770 BC - 403 BC

Later or eastern Zhou kingdom

700-550 BCE

700 BC - 550 BC

Era of unrivaled Brahman dominance

700 BCE

700 BC

Homerian epics Iliad, Odessy; flowering of Greek architecture

600 BCE

600 BC
  • Zoroastrian religion in Iran

  • Legendary ruler in Japan

563-483 BCE

563 BC - 483 BC

Life of the Buddha

551-233 BCE

551 BC - 233 BC

Period of the great Chinese philosophers: Confucius, Laozi, Mencius, Legalists

550 BCE

550 BC
  • Cyrus the Great forms Persian empire

  • Formation of Persian Empire

542-483 BCE

542 BC - 483 BC

Life of the Buddha

509 BCE

509 BC

Beginnings of Roman Republic

500-449 BCE

500 BC - 449 BC

Greek wars with Persia

500-450 BCE

500 BC - 450 BC

Beginnings of the Roman republic

470-430 BCE

470 BC - 430 BC

Height of the Athenian culture; Socrates and Greek philosophical style

450 BCE

450 BCE

Twelve Tables of Law

431-404 BCE

431 BC - 404 BC

Peloponesian Wars

431 BCE

431 BC

Peloponnesian Wars; decline of Greece

403-222 BCE

403 BC - 222 BC

Warring Sstates period

400-320 BCE

400 BC - 320 BC

Era of Xunzi

359-336 BCE

359 BC - 336 BC

Phillip ll of Macedonia

338-323 BCE

338 BC - 323 BC

Macedonian empire, Alexander the Great

330 BCE

330 BC

Alexander the Great

327-325 BCE

327 BC - 325 BC

Alexander the Great's invasion of the Persian empire/India

322-185 BCE

322 BC - 185 BC

Mauryan empire

322-298 BCE

322 BC - 298 BC

Chandragupta Maurya rules

300 BCE

300 BC

Rise of Axum

300-100 BCE

300 BC - 100 BC

Hellenistic Period

300 BCE - 900 CE

300 BC - 900 CE

Height of Maya civiliztion

269-232 BCE

269 BC - 232 BC

Reign of Ashoka

264-146 BCE

264 BC - 146 BC

Punic Wars

264-140 BCE

264 BC - 140 BC

Roman expansion in North Africa (Punic Wars) and Eastern Mediterranean

221 BCE

221 BC
  • Shi Huangdi proclaimed first emperor of China

  • Great Wall completed

221-207 BCE

221 BC - 207 BC

Qin dynasty

202-195 BCE

202 BC - 195 BC

Reign of Liu Bang (Gaozu emperor)

200 BCE - 9 CE

200 BC - 9 CE

Former Han dynasty; development of horse collar, stern-post rudder, and water mill

200 BCE - 200 CE

200 BC - 200 CE
  • Era of strong Buddhist influence

  • Period of greatest Buddhist influence

141-81 BCE

141 BC - 81 BC

Reign of Han Wudi

133 BCE

133 BC

Decline of Roman empire

100 BCE

100 BC

Germans begin contact with Rome; Slavs migrate into eastern Europe

49 BCE

49 BC

Julius Caesar becomes dictator in Rome, assassinated in 44

4 BCE

4 BC

Birth of Jesus

9-23 CE

9 CE - 23 CE

Interregnum of Wang Mang

23-220 CE

23 CE - 220 CE

Later Han dynasty; invention of paper and compass

27 CE

27 CE

Augustus founds Roman empire / Augustus Caesar seizes power

30 CE

30 CE

Crucifixion of Jesus

63 CE

63 CE

Forced dissolution of Independent Jewish state by Romans

88 CE

88 CE

Beginning of Han decline

100 CE

100 CE
  • Root crops introduced to southern Africa through trade

  • Beginning of decline of Han dynasty

101-106 CE

101 CE - 106 CE

Greatest spread of Roman territory

106 CE

106 CE

Height of Roman territory

180 CE

180 CE
  • Death of Marcus Aurelius; beginning of decline of Roman empire

  • Rome begins to decline/beginning of decline of Roman empire; population decline

200-1300 CE

200 CE - 1300 CE

Anasazi in North America

200 CE

200 CE
  • Extensive agriculture practiced in Japan

  • Development of porcelain

200-500 CE

200 CE - 500 CE

Nasca culture (Andes)

200-700 CE

200 CE - 700 CE

Mochica culture (Andes)

220 CE

220 CE

Last Han emperor deposed

227 CE

227 CE

Beginning of Sassanian empire in Persia

284-305 CE

284 CE - 305 CE

Reign of Diocletain

300-1000 CE

300 CE - 1000 CE

Second wave of Polynesian migrations to Hawaii

300 CE

300 CE
  • Decline of Meroe

  • Ethiopia adopts Christianity

300-900 CE

300 CE - 900 CE

Intermediate Horizon period (Andes)

300-700 CE

300 CE - 700 CE

Rise of Axum; conversion of Christianity

300-400 CE

300 CE - 400 CE

Yamato claim imperial control of Japan

312-337 CE

312 CE - 337 CE

Constantine; formation of Eastern Empire; adoption of Christianity

313 CE

313 CE

Constantine adopts Christianity

319 CE

319 CE

Gupta empire founded; one of the world's finest universities established

319-540

319 CE - 540 CE

Gupta empire

330-379 CE

330 CE - 379 CE

Basil organizes Eastern monasticism

354-430 CE

354 CE - 430 CE

Life of Augustine

370-480 CE

370 CE - 480 CE

Nomadic invasions of western Europe

400 CE

400 CE
  • Growth of Mayan civilizations

  • Polynesians reach Hawaii

  • Chinese script imported

401 CE

401 CE

Large-scale Germanic invasions in Roman empire

450 CE

450 CE

Huns begin to invade India

476 CE

476 CE
  • Fall of Rome

  • Last Roman emperor in West

500 CE

500 CE
  • Formation of Ghana

  • Buddhism takes root in east and southeast Asia

527-565 CE

527 CE - 565 CE

Reign of Justinian, Eastern emperor

535 CE

535 CE

Gupta empire overturned by the Huns

540 CE

540 CE

Collapse of Gupta dynasty

580 CE

580 CE

Spread of Buddhism in Japan

589-618 CE

589 CE - 618 CE

Sui dynasty

600 CE

600 CE

Beginning of Islam

600-647 CE

600 CE - 647 CE

Harsha's empire

606-647 CE

606 CE - 647 CE

Loose empire under Harsha in India

618 CE

618 CE

Tang dynasty in China: glorious cultural period

700 CE

700 CE
  • Shintoism unified into single national religion in Japan

  • Spread of Islam; trans-Sahara trade in Africa

800-1,300 CE

800 CE - 1,300 CE

Mississippian culture

900-1,200 CE

900 CE - 1,200 CE

Toltecs

900 CE

900 CE

Polynesians to New Zealand

1,000 CE

1,000 CE

Height of Kingdom of Ghana, Africa