The Civil War Timeline

Events

Cotton Gin Was Invented

1793

Eli Whitney invented it to make the job easier

The Missouri Compromise

1820

Was an effort by Congress as a state in which slavery

Compromise of 1850

1850

An event when crisis was between North and South.

Republican Party Forms

1854

anti-slavery Whigs had begun meeting in the upper midwestern states to discuss the formation of a new party

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.

Bleeding Kansas

1855

United States involving anti-slavery "Free-Staters" and pro-slavery

Dred Scott vs. Sandford

1857

States Supreme Court on US labor law and constitutional law. It held that "a negro, whose ancestors were imported into [the U.S.], and sold as slaves".

Harpers Ferry Raid

October 16, 1859

It was a rapid fighting that John Brown with the North and South

Secession

1860

action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.

Election of 1860

1860

In which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.

Battle of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

Confederate forces around Charleston Harbor an then opened fire on the Union garrison holding Fort Sumter

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

Many people believed that the war would end really quickly and this was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia

Battle of Shiloh

April, 1862

The Union followed retreating Confederate soldiers.

Battle of Antietam

September, 1862

Bloodiest day in all America history.
Lee retreated to Virginia. 1/3 of his force was killed.
McClellan did not follow Lee, and Lincoln fired him.

Emancipation Proclamation [January 1863]

January 1863

Was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.

Battle of Gettysburg [July 1863]

July 1863

Stopped Confederate attack into North, 1/3 of Lee’s army dead are wounded

Battle of Vicksburg [July 1863]

July 1863

Forced Confederate to surrender the Mississippi

Grant’s Virginia Campaign [1864-1865]

1864 - 1865

Lee surrenders, Captured Richmond

Sherman’s March to the Sea [1864]

1864

Captured Atlanta and Savanna, Lincoln Won Re-election

Appomattox Court House [April 9, 1865]

1865

It the same as the Grant’s Virginia Campaign

13th Amendment [1865]

1865

It ended slavery for the South

Reconstruction [1865-1877]

1865 - 1877

It was if the North was going to Revenge or Forgive the South from doing slavery

14th Amendment [1868]

1868

If you were born in the U.S then you were a citizen

15th Amendment [1870]

1870

To be sure white southerners could not prevent blacks from voting

Hayes-Tilden Compromise [1877]

1877

Hayes, the Republican, would be president.Federal troops were removed from the South