The French Revoultion

Events

Georges Danton

26 October 1759 - 5 April 1794

was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety.

Taille

December 8, 1769 - December 8, 1790

the taille became permanent in 1439, when the right to collect taxes in support of a standing army was granted to Charles VII of France during the Hundred Years' War.

Olympe de Gouges

7 May 1770 - 3 November 1793

7 May 1748 A French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.

First Phase

April 1, 1788 - December 31, 1789

Causes and Moderate Phase

Parlements

1789

In 1789 13 parlements existed, the most important of which was by far the Parlement of Paris.

Great Fear

1789

A period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumours of an “aristocratic conspiracy” by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate.

Assignats

1789 - 1796

Assignats were paper money issued by the National Assembly in France from 1789 to 1796, during the French Revolution.

Jacobins

1789

The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups formed in the wake of the French Revolution.

cahier de doleances

March 17, 1789 - April 17, 1789

the lists of grievances drawn up by each of the three Estates in France, between March and April 1789, the year in which a revolutionary situation began

Estates General

May 5, 1789

May 5, 1789 Louis XVI summons Estates-General for its first meeting since 1614

National Assembly

June 1789

existed from June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

The members of the French Estates-General for the Third Estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court Oath , vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established.

Bastille Day

July 14 1789

the Bastille was stormed by a revolutionary crowd

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

August 26, 1789

one of the basic charters of human liberties

Women march on Versailles

October 5 1789

Women's March on Versailles. On this day in 1789, an angry mob of nearly 7,000 working women – armed with pitchforks, pikes and muskets – marched in the rain from Paris to Versailles in what was to be a pivotal event in the intensifying French Revolution.

Second phase: liberal Revolution

1790 - 1791

Civil constitution of the Clergy

july 1790

was a law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.

Girondins

1791 - 1793

were members of a loosely-knit political faction during the French Revolution

Legislative Assembly

1791 - 1792

legislature of France

Louis XVI's capture at varennes

June 1791

The flight to Varennes was the royal family’s failed attempt to escape Paris in June 1791.

The Declaration of Pillnitz

27 August 1791

was a statement issued on 27 August 1791 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden by Frederick William II of Prussia and the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II who was Marie Antoinette's brother. It declared the joint support of the Holy Roman Empire and of Prussia for King Louis XVI of France against the French Revolution.

Toussaint Louverture

November 1791

military and political acumen saved the gains of the first Black insurrection in November 1791.

national convention

1792

Third phase: Radical Revolution

1792 - 1794

Louis Antoine Léon de Saint-Just

1792

Youngest to be elected into the national convention

War with Austria

April 20, 1792

Revolutionaries wanted war because they thought war would unify the country, and had a genuine desire to spread the ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe.

The Mountain

September 6, 1792 - May 21, 1795

A political group formed in France. This group fought for control of the National Convention against the Girondists. The Mountain was led by Robespierre and Danton and was the most radical group of all of the political groups.

Louis XIV's Trial

11 December 1792

The Vendee Rebellion

1793 - 1796

counter revolutionary insurrections in the west of France during the French Revolution.

Temple of Reason

1793

the Cult of Reason, which was based on the ideals of atheism and humanism. This "religion" was supposed to be universal and to spread the ideas of the revolution

Louis XVI's execution

January 21, 1793

he dies

committee of public safety

april 1793

created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror

Reign of Terror

5 September 1793 - 28 July 1794

was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution

Laws of General Maximum

29 September 1793

was a law during the French Revolution, as an extension of the Law of Suspects

anti christian catholic legislation

October 1793

the Christian calendar was replaced with one reckoning from the date of the Revolution, and an atheist Cult of Reason was inaugurated

Marie Antoinette Execution

16th of October 1793

after her trial she was executed

New Calander

October 24, 1793 - 1 January 1806

The revolutionary system was designed in part to remove all religious and royalist influences from the calendar, and was part of a larger attempt at decimalisation in France

Sans Culotte, 1794

1794 - 1799

Slavery

1794

France abolishes slavery in all its possessions. (However, slavery is restored by Napoleon in 1802.)

Robespierre's Republic of Virtue

February 5, 1794

a speech my Robespierre a statement of his political theory

Maximilien Robespierre

4 June 1794 - 17 June 1794

was a French lawyer and politician. He was one of the best-known and most influential figures associated with period of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.

Thermidorian Reaction

July 19 1794 - August 17 1794

The Thermidorian Reaction was a coup d'état within the French Revolution against the leaders of the Jacobin Club who had dominated the Committee of Public Safety.

Fourth Phase: Reaction to Revolution

1795 - 1799

Council of Elders

22 August 1795 - 9 November 1799

was the upper house of the Directory

council of 500

26 October 1795 - 9 November 1799

was the lower house of the legislature of France during the period commonly known as the Directory

Directory

November 1795 - November 1799

the French Revolutionary government set up by the Constitution of the Year III, which lasted four years

Coup d'état

November 9, 1799 - November 10, 1799

illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus.

Napoleon Bonaparte

18 May 1804 - 6 April 1814

was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.

laissez-faire

1815 - 1825

is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government

Paris Commune

March 18, 1871 - May 28, 1871