was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety.
the taille became permanent in 1439, when the right to collect taxes in support of a standing army was granted to Charles VII of France during the Hundred Years' War.
7 May 1748 A French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.
Causes and Moderate Phase
In 1789 13 parlements existed, the most important of which was by far the Parlement of Paris.
A period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumours of an “aristocratic conspiracy” by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate.
Assignats were paper money issued by the National Assembly in France from 1789 to 1796, during the French Revolution.
The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups formed in the wake of the French Revolution.
the lists of grievances drawn up by each of the three Estates in France, between March and April 1789, the year in which a revolutionary situation began
May 5, 1789 Louis XVI summons Estates-General for its first meeting since 1614
existed from June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate
The members of the French Estates-General for the Third Estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court Oath , vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established.
the Bastille was stormed by a revolutionary crowd
one of the basic charters of human liberties
Women's March on Versailles. On this day in 1789, an angry mob of nearly 7,000 working women – armed with pitchforks, pikes and muskets – marched in the rain from Paris to Versailles in what was to be a pivotal event in the intensifying French Revolution.
was a law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.
were members of a loosely-knit political faction during the French Revolution
legislature of France
The flight to Varennes was the royal family’s failed attempt to escape Paris in June 1791.
was a statement issued on 27 August 1791 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden by Frederick William II of Prussia and the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II who was Marie Antoinette's brother. It declared the joint support of the Holy Roman Empire and of Prussia for King Louis XVI of France against the French Revolution.
military and political acumen saved the gains of the first Black insurrection in November 1791.
Youngest to be elected into the national convention
Revolutionaries wanted war because they thought war would unify the country, and had a genuine desire to spread the ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe.
A political group formed in France. This group fought for control of the National Convention against the Girondists. The Mountain was led by Robespierre and Danton and was the most radical group of all of the political groups.
counter revolutionary insurrections in the west of France during the French Revolution.
the Cult of Reason, which was based on the ideals of atheism and humanism. This "religion" was supposed to be universal and to spread the ideas of the revolution
created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror
was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution
was a law during the French Revolution, as an extension of the Law of Suspects
the Christian calendar was replaced with one reckoning from the date of the Revolution, and an atheist Cult of Reason was inaugurated
after her trial she was executed
The revolutionary system was designed in part to remove all religious and royalist influences from the calendar, and was part of a larger attempt at decimalisation in France
France abolishes slavery in all its possessions. (However, slavery is restored by Napoleon in 1802.)
a speech my Robespierre a statement of his political theory
was a French lawyer and politician. He was one of the best-known and most influential figures associated with period of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
The Thermidorian Reaction was a coup d'état within the French Revolution against the leaders of the Jacobin Club who had dominated the Committee of Public Safety.
was the upper house of the Directory
was the lower house of the legislature of France during the period commonly known as the Directory
the French Revolutionary government set up by the Constitution of the Year III, which lasted four years
illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus.
was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government