Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Troy Jiang

Events

Soviet Spy Ring Exposed in Canada

Approx. 1945

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian

United Nation Created

1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.
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The Creation of NATO

1949

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Peacekeeping Mission In Korea

1950 - 1953

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace keeping
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Pearson as The Ambassador

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder in a speech at a university in Philadelphia which enraged President Johnson.

Peacekeeping Mission in Egypt

1956

First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war in Suez, Egypt.
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Pearson Won Nobel Prize

1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Avro Arrow Cancelled

3/25/1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.
Arrow is a state-of-art supersonic jet aircraft.
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Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.

Prime Minister Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted in the United States policy and interest. Canadian government refused to put NORAD forces on alert. It did not allow U.S. planes with atomic weapons land at Canadian bases.

Peacekeeping Mission in Cyprus

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

Communist China Recognized

1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
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Trudeau Visited Chairman Mao

1973

Trudeau visits Cuba

1/26/1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin Wall Comes Down

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the Cold War and the tensions that divided East from West.

Soviet Union Collapses

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Peacekeeping Mission in Somalia

1992

A teenager found wandering in the Canadian base camp was tortured and beaten to death by some Canadian soldiers which ruined the reputation of Canada’s armed forces

Bosnia Crisis

March 1, 1992 - December 14, 1995

Bosnia and Croatia:
There are a lot of different ethnics and cultures there. Fighting over land, religious beliefs happened a lot.

Haiti civil war

1993 - 1997

Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.

Disaster in Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwandan Genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.

iraq war

2003 - 2011

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace Keeping