Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace keeping
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder in a speech at a university in Philadelphia which enraged President Johnson.
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war in Suez, Egypt.
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.
Arrow is a state-of-art supersonic jet aircraft.
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.
Prime Minister Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted in the United States policy and interest. Canadian government refused to put NORAD forces on alert. It did not allow U.S. planes with atomic weapons land at Canadian bases.
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the Cold War and the tensions that divided East from West.
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
A teenager found wandering in the Canadian base camp was tortured and beaten to death by some Canadian soldiers which ruined the reputation of Canada’s armed forces
Bosnia and Croatia:
There are a lot of different ethnics and cultures there. Fighting over land, religious beliefs happened a lot.
Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.
Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwandan Genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace Keeping