The Gilded Age

Events

Civil War Ends

1865

13th Amendment

1865

Abolished slavery in America.

Immigrants Support Political Machines

1865 - 1900

Political Machines gained power through doing favors for the most poor or sorry individuals in their community so they could get re-elected. Immigrants, who were most often feel under the "most sorry" category of people, were often drawn to political machines.

14th Amendment

1868

Granted citizenship to African-Americans

15th Amendment

1870

Proclaimed that voters could not be denied on basis of color, race, or previous condition of servitude

The Fall of Boss Tweed

1870

Caused by Thomas Nast's exposing political cartoons

Panic of 1873

1873

Caused by railroad companies over borrowing for the construction of railroads, led to deep economic depression

Invention of the Telophone

1876

Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone, first form of long-distance verbal communication

Immigrant Population

1880 - 1889

3/4 of populations of most large cities were composed of immigrants or the children of immigrants

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890

Banned any business combination which held a monopoly over interstate commerce

South

Freedmen's Bureau Established

1865

Protects freedmen, gives former slaves a chance at education, religion, and equality.

African-Americans turn to Republicans

1865 - 1893

The Republican party platform had always (Until the 1890's) had a principle of giving African-Americans equality, thus drawing a large African-American support system.

Reconstruction Act

1867

10 Confederate states divided into military districts, state constitutions rewritten to give Freedmen voting rights, disenfranchisement of all former Confederates

Slaughterhouse Cases

1873

Knock the legs out from underneath the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

US vs Cruikshank

1875

Supreme Court case that weakened the 14th Amendment, and African-Americans were forced to go to state governments to attempt to fix their problems.

Compromise of 1877

1877

White southern Democrats agreed that president Hayes would have a peaceful inauguration as long as fed troops were removed from the South.

Plessy vs Ferguson

1896

Supreme Court case that ended with a ruling that claimed blacks and whites could have "separate but equal institutions." Marks the beginning of segregation.

West

Transcontinental Railroad Finished

1869

Railroad that connects the Atlantic to the Pacific, encourages western settlement

The Battle of Little Big Horn

1876

Indian's last stand: the last fight the Indians ever win against the Americans.

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Law passed by the state of California that forebode the entrance of Chinese immigrants into the state. (Nativism)

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

Indian Reservation Land would be divided into individual family farms (Americanization of Indians)

Interstate Commerce Act

1887

Proclaimed that railroad rates must be "reasonable and just." America's first step toward Regulated Capitalism

Curtis Act

1898

Dissolved the Indian Territory of the Five Civilized Tribes (OK). (Americanization of Indians)