The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to encourage international peace, cooperation, and friendship.
Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacemaker.
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. What was the Arrow? _It was a state of the art supersonic jet aircraft which sat the forefront for technology at the time.
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted U.S policy and interests.
What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam? He thought the U.S should not launch the war.
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to. Describe Cyprus’ location (use an atlas). It is an island between the European continental and the Asian continental, in the eastern Mediterranean ocean.
what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation? Members of Canadian Airborne Regiment killed a Somali innocent teenager, a racist crime, who tried to cover the truth at first.
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the over of Cold War in Europe.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacemaker.
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Describe the problems in this region: While the Serbia were protesting, Bosnia hold a referendum about independence. Then Bosnia claimed autonomy without Serbia’s attend. Ethnic tensions escalated, caused civil war.
Canada sends soldiers and later police.
describe the disaster in Rwanda. The small nation was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. Many countries and organization send troops to Rwanda, but non of them can stop the slaughter. Many old people, women, and babies were killed in a few weeks.