Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

The UN

April, 1945 - June, 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to encourage international peace, cooperation, and friendship.
http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M230b0c58d0556a7df37777c241664d01o0&pid=15.1

Soviet spy

Sep, 1945

Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

NATO

April 4, 1949 - Apr 4, 1949

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Korea Conflict

1950 - 1953

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacemaker.

Pearson becomes ambassador

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez, Egypt

Oct 10, 1956 - Nov 6, 1956

First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

the Nobel Peace Prize

1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

Avro Arrow

20 March 1958 - 20 February 1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. What was the Arrow? _It was a state of the art supersonic jet aircraft which sat the forefront for technology at the time.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14 1962 - October 28 1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted U.S policy and interests.

Vietnam War: Buddhist Protests and Diem Murder

1/1/1963 - 12/31/1963

What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam? He thought the U.S should not launch the war.

Cyprus

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to. Describe Cyprus’ location (use an atlas). It is an island between the European continental and the Asian continental, in the eastern Mediterranean ocean.

Somalia

1-01-66 - 12-31-66

what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation? Members of Canadian Airborne Regiment killed a Somali innocent teenager, a racist crime, who tried to cover the truth at first.
http://tse2.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Mb776fe827119edca96f01fca9991d4c3H0&w=300&h=300&p=0&pid=1.7

Communist China

1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Trudeau visits China

October 10, 1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M08312179fb9b7603607cb7eb8426ac25o0&pid=15.1

Trudeau visits Cuba

1/26/1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin Wall comes down

9 November 1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the over of Cold War in Europe.

the Gulf War

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacemaker.

Soviet Union dissolves

25 December 1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

Describe the problems in this region: While the Serbia were protesting, Bosnia hold a referendum about independence. Then Bosnia claimed autonomy without Serbia’s attend. Ethnic tensions escalated, caused civil war.
http://tse3.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Mf30a97847b90fe3fd2ee2b4decf55a4fH0&w=300&h=300&p=0&pid=1.7

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police.

Rwanda

April 4, 1994 - 1995

describe the disaster in Rwanda. The small nation was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. Many countries and organization send troops to Rwanda, but non of them can stop the slaughter. Many old people, women, and babies were killed in a few weeks.