Soviet spy __ Igor Gouzenko _ defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to keep the collective security of the world.
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace making_.
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Lester Pearson wins the _Nobel Pease Prize _.
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. What was the Arrow? it is a state-of-the-art supersonic jet aircraft
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into the major conflict.
_ Cyprus is located in the Eastern Mediterranean, south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece._
Prime Minister Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder which the U.S bombing campaign of North Vietnam at a university in Philadelphia.
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of the Cold War.
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace making_.
In 1991, ethnic wars broke out in the former Yugoslavia. By 1992, the war spread to the Republic of Bosnia- Herzegovina, which formed part of Yugoslavia. Bosnia- Herzegovina was inhabited by Croats, Serbs and Muslims.
a teen was tortured to death, some low-ranking officers committed but it was found out that there have been a high-level attempt to cover up the incident __
Canada sends soldiers and later police.
Rwanda was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. A small number of peacekeepers were sent to stop control the slaughter. The commander found out that they need more peacekeepers so he ask U.N for support but the U.N was unenthusiastic. As a result, the world was horrified to learn of a massive wave of killing in Rwanda, including many women, old people and babies.