He was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods. He was one of the most famous composers active in the early 15th century, a near-contemporary of Leonel Power, and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School.
5 August 1397 - 27 November 1474
He was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. A central figure in the Burgundian School, he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading composers in Europe in the mid-15th century.
Approx. 1410 - 6 February 1497
He was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher.
Invention of The Printing Press by J.Gutemberg
Josquin Des Prez
Approx. 1450 - 27 August 1521
It is commonly considered as the central figure of the Franco-Flemish school. Josquin is considered by the musical erudition like the first master of the style of polyphonic vocal music of the high Renaissance, that began to arise in his time.
Juan del Encina
12 July 1468 - Approx. 1529
He was a composer, poet and playwright, often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama. His name at birth was Juan de Fermoselle.
Approx. 1485 - Approx. 1558
He was a French composer of the Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers of popular chansons of the entire Renaissance, and along with Claudin de Sermisy, was hugely influential in the development of the Parisian chanson, especially the programmatic type. The wide spread of his fame was made possible by the concurrent development of music printing.
Approx. 1486 - Approx. 1543
He was a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany.
Claudin de Sermisy
Approx. 1490 - 13 October 1562
He was a French composer of the Renaissance. Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.
Cristofer Colombus discovered America
Cristóbal de Morales
Approx. 1500 - 7 October 1553
He was a Spanish Catholic priest and a chapel master, being the principal representative of the Andalusian polyphonic school and one of the three greats, together with Tomás Luis de Victoria and Francisco Guerrero, of the Spanish polyphonic composition of the Renaissance. His music is vocal and sacred, with only a few exceptions. He is undoubtedly the best Spanish composer of the whole first half of the sixteenth century and his fame, which spread immediately through Europe, survived during the following centuries.
Luis de Narváez
Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1555
He was a Spanish composer and vihuelist. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Narváez is known today for Los seis libros del delfín, a collection of polyphonic music for the vihuela which includes the earliest known variation sets. He is also notable for being the earliest composer for vihuela to adapt the contemporary Italian style of lute music.
Approx. 1505 - 26 December 1577
He was a luthier, from Cremona, Italy. Amati is credited with making the first instruments of the violin family that are in the form we use today.
Antonio de Cabezón
30 March 1510 - 26 March 1566
Was an organist, harpist and Spanish composer of the Renaissance.
30 September 1525 - 2 February 1594
A Renaissance Italian composer of Catholic religious music, renowned for his polyphonic compositions.
4 October 1528 - 8 November 1599
A Spanish Catholic priest and a chapel master who along with Tomás Luis de Victoria and Cristóbal de Morales is one of the great names of Spanish Renaissance music of the Renaissance and one of the greatest Spanish composers of all time.
Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the church in England
Publication of Marthin Luther's theses
Tomás Luis de Victoria
Approx. 1548 - 20 August 1611
An Avila Catholic priest and a chapel master, a famous polyphonic composer of the Spanish Renaissance. He has been considered one of the most relevant and advanced composers of his time, with an innovative style announced by the imminent Baroque. Its influence goes until the 20th century, when it was taken as a model by the composers of Cecilianism.
15 May 1567 - 29 November 1643
He was an Italian composer, gambist, singer, and Catholic priest. Monteverdi is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history. While he worked extensively in the tradition of earlier Renaissance polyphony, such as in his madrigals, he also made great developments in form and melody and began employing the basso continuo technique, distinctive of the Baroque. Monteverdi wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is the earliest surviving opera still regularly performed.